Purpose: The causes of anaphylaxis in a general hospital may differ from those occurring in a community setting. Underlying diseases in admitted patients and vague presenting symptoms can make the diagnosis of anaphylaxis difficult. Serum tryptase measurements may provide valuable evidence for diagnosing anaphylaxis in admitted patients. Materials and Methods: This study was designed as a retrospective study of 53 patients with an anaphylaxis episode at a Korean tertiary care general hospital. Tryptase levels were measured at baseline and different time points from the onset of anaphylaxis. Results: Drugs (42 cases; 79.2%) and foods (10 cases; 18.9%) were the most common causes of anaphylaxis. In drug-induced ana-phylaxis, antibiotics (24.5%), anticancer medications, which included monoclonal antibodies (22.6%), and contrast agents (11.3%) were the most frequent causes. The muscle relaxant eperisone (5.7%), neuromuscular blocking agent rocuronium (5.7%), and its antagonist sugammadex (3.8%) were other frequent triggering agents. Wheat-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis was the most common entity in food-induced anaphylaxis. Tryptase concentrations were higher in patients with higher grades of anaphy-laxis, as well as in accidental anaphylaxis, compared to meticulously provoked anaphylaxis. Overall diagnostic sensitivity was higher for tryptase algorithm criteria (≥[1.2×baseline+2] µg/L: 71.4%) than for abnormal tryptase level criteria (≥11.4 µg/L: 52.8%). Conclusion: The triggers of anaphylaxis in a Korean tertiary care hospital were diverse, including beta-lactam antibiotics, anti-cancer medications, contrast medias, eperisone, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, rocuronium, sugammadex, and wheat. Tryptase measurements provided valuable evidence for diagnosis, and the sensitivity of algorithm criteria was superior to that of the abnormal value criteria.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Yonsei medical journal|
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec 1|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the Seoul R&D Program (BT 190014) through the Research and Development for Regional Industry.
© Yonsei University College of Medicine 2022.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes