Recent studies have shown that caveolin-1 (Cav-1) plays an important role as a regulator of angiogenesis in vitro. Here, we use Cav-1 knockout (KO) mice as a model system to examine the in vivo relevance of these findings. A primary mediator of angiogenesis is basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF). Thus, we studied bFGF-induced angiogenesis in Cav-1 KO mice using a reconstituted basement membrane system, ie, Matrigel plugs, supplemented with bFGF. In Cav-1 KO mice, implanted Matrigel plugs showed a dramatic reduction in both vessel infiltration and density, as compared with identical plugs implanted in wild-type control mice. We also examined the necessity of Cav-1 to support the angiogenic response of an exogenous tumor by subcutaneously injecting Cav-1 KO mice with the melanoma cell line, B16-F10. We show that tumor weight, volume, and vessel density are all reduced in Cav-1 KO mice, consistent with diminished angiogenesis. Ultrastructural analysis of newly formed capillaries within the exogenous tumors reveals a lack of endothelial caveolae and incomplete capillary formation in Cav-1 KO mice. These results provide novel evidence that Cav-1 and caveolae play an important positive role in the process of pathological angiogenesis in vivo.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Supported by grants from the National Institutes of Health, the Muscular Dystrophy Association, the American Heart Association, and the Breast Cancer Alliance, as well as a Hirschl/Weil-Caulier Career Scientist Award (all to M. P. L.); and by a National Institutes of Health Medical Scientist Training Grant (T32-GM07288; S. E. W. and T. M. W.).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine