Due to the recent demand for high-throughput cellular assays, a lot of efforts have been made on miniaturization of cell-based biosensors by preparing cell microarrays. Various microfabrication technologies have been used to generate cell microarrays, where cells of different phenotypes are immobilized either on a flat substrate (positional array) or on particles (solution or suspension array) to achieve multiplexed and high-throughput cell-based biosensing. After introducing the fabrication methods for preparation of the positional and suspension cell microarrays, this review discusses the applications of the cell microarray including toxicology, drug discovery and detection of toxic agents.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation (NRF) grant funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning (MSIP) (2015R1D1A1A01060444, NRF-2015R1D1A1A01060710 and 2009-0093823 ?Priority Research Centers Programs?) This work was also supported by a grant (HI15C1744 and HI15C2807) from the Korean Health Technology R&D Project through the Korean Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI).
© 2017 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering