Monkey (Mk) CD9 antigen has been shown previously to increase the diphtheria toxin (DT) sensitivity of cells when co-expressed with Mk proHB- EGF (DT receptor). We have elucidated here the mechanism whereby Mk CD9 influences Mk proHB-EGF and present evidence that Mk CD9 is a coreceptor for DT. We observed that Mk CD9 not only increased the DT sensitivity but also increased the DT receptor affinity of cells. Furthermore, the higher the Mk CD9/Mk proHB-EGF ratio, the higher the affinity. In contrast, mouse (Ms) CD9 did not increase the toxin sensitivity or receptor affinity of cells when co- expressed with Mk proHB-EGF. Using Mk/Ms chimeric CD9 molecules, we determined that the second extracellular domain of Mk CD9 is responsible for both increased sensitivity and receptor affinity. This domain of Mk CD9 also interacts with Mk proHB-EGF in a yeast two-hybrid system. Our findings thus suggest that Mk CD9 has a direct physical interaction with Mk proHB-EGF to form a DT receptor complex and that this contact may change the conformation of the receptor to increase DT binding affinity and consequently increase toxin sensitivity. We thus propose that Mk CD9 is a coreceptor for DT.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology