Chemiluminescence immunoassays have been widely employed for diagnosing various diseases. However, because of the extremely low intensity chemiluminescence signals, highly sensitive transducers, such as photomultiplier tubes and image sensors with cooling devices, are required to overcome this drawback. In this study, a hypersensitive photosensor was developed based on cesium lead bromide (CsPbBr3) perovskite quantum dots (QDs) with sufficient high sensitivity for chemiluminescence immunoassays. First, CsPbBr3 QDs with a highly uniform size, that is, 5 nm, were synthesized under thermodynamic control to achieve a high size confinement effect. For the fabrication of the photosensor, MoS2 nanoflakes were used as an electron transfer layer and heat-treated at an optimum temperature. Additionally, a parylene-C film was used as a passivation layer to improve the physical stability and sensitivity of the photosensor. In particular, the trap states on the CsPbBr3 QDs were reduced by the passivation layer, and the sensitivity was increased. Finally, a photosensor based on CsPbBr3 QDs was employed in chemiluminescence immunoassays for the detection of human hepatitis B surface antigen, human immunodeficiency virus antibody, and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP, a cancer biomarker). When compared with the conventionally used equipment, the photosensor was determined to be feasible for application in chemiluminescence immunoassays.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces|
|Publication status||Published - 2021 Jun 30|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (grant nos NRF-2020R1A2B5B01002187 and NRF-2020R1A5A101913111).
© 2021 American Chemical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)