CFD simulation for demilitarization of RDX in a rotary kiln by thermal decomposition

Si H. Lee, Woo Y. Jeong, Baggie W. Nyande, Jung Su Park, Il Moon, Min Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Demilitarization requires the recovery and disposal of obsolete ammunition and explosives. Since open burning/detonation of hazardous waste has caused serious environmental and safety problems, thermal decomposition has emerged as one of the most feasible methods. RDX is widely used as a military explosive due to its high melting temperature and detonation power. In this work, the feasible conditions under which explosives can be safely incinerated have been investigated via a rotary kiln simulation. To solve this problem, phase change along with the reactions of RDX has been incisively analyzed. A global reaction mechanism consisting of condensed phase and gas phase reactions are used in Computational Fluid Dynamics simulation. User Defined Functions in FLUENT is utilized in this study to inculcate the reactions and phase change into the simulation. The results divulge the effect of temperature and the varying amounts of gas produced in the rotary kiln during the thermal decomposition of RDX. The result leads to the prospect of demilitarizing waste explosives to avoid the possibility of detonation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1662-1676
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Engineering Science and Technology
Volume12
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Jun

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Engineering(all)

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    Lee, S. H., Jeong, W. Y., Nyande, B. W., Park, J. S., Moon, I., & Oh, M. (2017). CFD simulation for demilitarization of RDX in a rotary kiln by thermal decomposition. Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 12(6), 1662-1676.