BACKGROUND: This study examines changes in the ideal cardiovascular health (CVH) status and whether these changes are associated with incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality in the elderly Asian population. METHODS AND RESULTS: In the Korea National Health Insurance Service–Senior cohort aged ≥60 years, 208 673 participants without prior CVD, including 109 431 who showed changes in CVH status, were assessed. The association of the changes in cardiovascular risk factors with incident CVD was assessed from 2004 to 2014 in the elderly (aged 60–74 years) and very elderly (≥75 years) groups. During the follow-up period (7.1 years for CVD and 7.2 years for mortality), 19 429 incident CVD events and 24 225 deaths occurred. In both the elderly and very elderly participants, higher CVH status resulted in a lower risk of CVD and mortality. In the very elderly participants, compared with consistently low CVH, consistently high CVH (subhazard ratio, 0.41; 95% CI, 0.23–0.73) was associated with a lower risk of CVD. This trend was consistently observed in the elderly population. In the very elderly participants, total cholesterol level was not informative enough for the prediction of CVD events. In both the elderly and very elderly groups, body mass index and total cholesterol were not informative enough for the prediction of all-cause mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In both the elderly and very elderly Asian populations without CVD, a consistent relationship was observed between the improvement of a composite metric of CVH and the reduced risk of CVD. Body mass index and total cholesterol were not informative enough for the prediction of all-cause mortality in both the elderly and very elderly groups.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a research grant from the Korean Healthcare Technology R&D project funded by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (HI15C1200, HC19C0130), and a CMB-Yuhan research grant from Yonsei University College of Medicine (6-2019-0124).
© 2021 The Authors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine