Changes in child abuse experience associated to sleep quality: results of the Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey

Wonjeong Chae, Jieun Jang, Eun Cheol Park, Sung In Jang

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4 Citations (Scopus)


Background: A victim of child abuse can often develop mental illness. The early detection of mental illness of children could be supported by observing sleep quality. Therefore, we examined the relationship between sleep quality and the changes in child abuse by the child’s own parents over the study period. Methods: Data from the 2011–2013 Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey was used, and 2012 was set as the baseline. Adolescents who had poor sleep quality in 2011 were excluded from the analysis to obtain the final study population of 1276 adolescents aged 14 and 15 years. The generalized estimating equation model (GEE) was used for statistical analysis. Results: Children who had experienced and/or were currently experiencing child abuse showed significantly poorer sleep quality (current year abuse only: odds ratio [OR] = 0.57, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 0.41, 0.79; prior year abuse only: OR = 0.72, 95% CI = 0.52, 0.99; continuous abuse: OR = 0.56, 95% CI = 0.39, 0.80) compared to children who had no experience of child abuse. Conclusion: Child abuse remains a traumatic experience that influences the quality of sleep and hinders the child’s proper psychological development. We suggest approaching this issue at both the community and national levels to protect the victims.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1210
JournalBMC Public Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors appreciate the Yonsei University Institute of Health Services Research for its administrative support. Also, they thank NYPI Youth and Children Data Archive that provided meaningful data. The datasets generated and/or analyzed during the current study are available in the NYPI Youth and Children Data Archive repository,

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2021R1G1A1010954).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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