We investigated Gd2O3 and Zr-incorporated Gd2O3 films grown on Si (100) as a function of nitridation temperature under an NH3 ambient and the incorporation of Zr into the film. The formation of a silicide layer at the interfacial region was suppressed in cases of Zr-incorporated or NH3-nitried Gd2O3 films. The crystalline structure was affected when zirconium, with a relatively small ionic radius, was substituted with gadolinium. When the concentration of Zr atoms in a Gd2O3 film reaches a specific level (Gd0.6Zr1.9O4.3), phase transition occurred from cubic Gd2O3 to monoclinic ZrO2. However, the monoclinic phase disappeared after nitridation at 900 °C in an NH3 ambient. The majority of the nitrogen atoms accumulated near the interface in the films and the concentration of incorporated N increased with increasing Zr content and NH3 annealing temperature. Moreover, nitrogen atoms bonded to Zr-silicate at the interface, in preference to ZrO2 in the film. These incorporation characteristics of nitrogen into Zr-incorporated Gd2O3 film have an effect on the thermal stability and crystalline structure of a film.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partly supported by the IT R&D program of MKE/IITA [ 2008-F-023-01 ] and a Seoul Science Fellowship from the Seoul Metropolitan Government .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces and Interfaces
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Metals and Alloys
- Materials Chemistry