Background: To compare the changes in anterior and posterior corneal elevations after combined transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) and after PRK. Methods: Medical records of 82 eyes of 44 patients undergoing either combined transepithelial PRK and CXL (PRK-CXL group) or transepithelial PRK (PRK group) were examined retrospectively. Changes in anterior and posterior corneal elevations were calculated by fitting an 8.0-mm diameter best-fit sphere and best-fit toric ellipsoid (BFTE) to the corneal shape with a fixed eccentricity of 0.4 using Scheimpflug tomography (Pentacam HR; Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany) preoperatively and 6 months postoperatively. Results: In anterior corneal elevation, both groups demonstrated a similar trend of a forward displacement of peripheral anterior corneal surface and a backward displacement of central anterior corneal surface. In posterior corneal elevation, a forward displacement of peripheral posterior corneal surface was induced in both groups, along with a backward displacement of central posterior corneal surface, regardless of the calculation method. The magnitudes of displacement of peripheral and central posterior corneal surfaces were significantly smaller in the PRK-CXL group than in the PRK group. Moreover, the PRK-CXL group showed a backward displacement of posterior corneal surface at maximum corneal elevations when the BFTE was used as the reference surface. Conclusions: Transepithelial PRK combined with prophylactic CXL significantly reduced the magnitudes of displacement of peripheral and central posterior corneal surfaces, with the radius of the BFTE was set to 8.0-mm on the Scheimpflug tomography system.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partially supported by a grant of the Korean Health Technology R and D Project, Ministry of Health and Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI14C2044) and by research fund of Catholic Kwandong University International St. Mary's Hospital. The funding agencies had no role in the design or conduct of this study; collection, management, analysis, or interpretation of the data; preparation, review, or approval of the manuscript; or in the decision to submit the manuscript for publication.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes