We observed chronological changes in the mitochondrial-specific antioxidant enzymes peroxiredoxin 3 (Prx3) and thioredoxin 2 (Trx2) and their neuroprotective effects in the hippocampal CA1 region after 5 min of transient cerebral ischemia in gerbils. In the sham-operated group, weak Prx3 and Trx2 immunoreactivity was detected in the stratum pyramidale. Prx3 immunoreactivity was increased in pyramidal neurons and expressed in microglia 1 and 3 days, respectively, after ischemia/reperfusion (I/R). Trx2 immunoreactivity in pyramidal neurons increased 30 min and 1 day after I/R and decreased 6 h after I/R. Trx2 immunoreaction was expressed in astrocytes at 3 days postischemia. The intraventricular administration of Prx3 or Prx3/Trx2 (16 μg/20 μl, icv) using an osmotic pump significantly reduced ischemia-induced hyperactivity in a spontaneous motor test and protected CA1 pyramidal neurons from the ischemic damage. In addition, the activation of astrocytes and microglia was decreased in the ischemic CA1 region after Prx3/Trx2 treatment. In addition, treatment with Prx3 or Prx3/Trx2 significantly reduced lipid peroxidation and the release of cytochrome c from mitochondria and cytoplasm in the ischemic CA1 region. These results suggest that changes in the expression of Prx3 and Trx2 in the hippocampal CA1 region after I/R may be associated with the delayed neuronal death of CA1 pyramidal cells induced by transient cerebral ischemia, and that treatment with Prx3 or Prx3/Trx2 in ischemic brains shows a potent neuroprotective effect against ischemic damage by reducing lipid peroxidation and mitochondrial-mediated apoptosis by I/R.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Free Radical Biology and Medicine|
|Publication status||Published - 2010 May 1|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)