Changes in weather and climate extremes over Korea and possible causes: A review

Seung Ki Min, Seok Woo Son, Kyong Hwan Seo, Jong Seong Kug, Soon Il An, Yong Sang Choi, Jee Hoon Jeong, Baek Min Kim, Ji Won Kim, Yeon Hee Kim, June Yi Lee, Myong In Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Weather and climate extremes exert devastating influence on human society and ecosystem around the world. Recent observations show increase in frequency and intensity of climate extremes around the world including East Asia. In order to assess current status of the observed changes in weather and climate extremes and discuss possible mechanisms, this study provides an overview of recent analyses on such extremes over Korea and East Asia. It is found that the temperature extremes over the Korean Peninsula exhibit long-term warming trends with more frequent hot events and less frequent cold events, along with sizeable interannual and decadal variabilities. The comprehensive review on the previous literature further suggests that the weather and climate extremes over East Asia can be affected by several climate factors of external and internal origins. It has been assessed that greenhouse warming leads to increase in warm extremes and decrease in cold extremes over East Asia, but recent Arctic sea-ice melting and associated warming tends to bring cold snaps to East Asia during winter. Internal climate variability such as tropical intraseasonal oscillation and El Niño-Southern Oscillation can also exert considerable impacts on weather and climate extremes over Korea and East Asia. It is, however, noted that our current understanding is far behind to estimate the effect of these climate factors on local weather and climate extremes in a quantitative sense.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-121
Number of pages19
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences
Volume51
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 May 5

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weather
climate
warming
Southern Oscillation
Asia
sea ice
melting
oscillation
ecosystem
winter
cold
temperature

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Atmospheric Science

Cite this

Min, Seung Ki ; Son, Seok Woo ; Seo, Kyong Hwan ; Kug, Jong Seong ; An, Soon Il ; Choi, Yong Sang ; Jeong, Jee Hoon ; Kim, Baek Min ; Kim, Ji Won ; Kim, Yeon Hee ; Lee, June Yi ; Lee, Myong In. / Changes in weather and climate extremes over Korea and possible causes : A review. In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 51, No. 2. pp. 103-121.
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Min, SK, Son, SW, Seo, KH, Kug, JS, An, SI, Choi, YS, Jeong, JH, Kim, BM, Kim, JW, Kim, YH, Lee, JY & Lee, MI 2015, 'Changes in weather and climate extremes over Korea and possible causes: A review', Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, vol. 51, no. 2, pp. 103-121. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13143-015-0066-5

Changes in weather and climate extremes over Korea and possible causes : A review. / Min, Seung Ki; Son, Seok Woo; Seo, Kyong Hwan; Kug, Jong Seong; An, Soon Il; Choi, Yong Sang; Jeong, Jee Hoon; Kim, Baek Min; Kim, Ji Won; Kim, Yeon Hee; Lee, June Yi; Lee, Myong In.

In: Asia-Pacific Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 51, No. 2, 05.05.2015, p. 103-121.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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AU - Son, Seok Woo

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AU - Kug, Jong Seong

AU - An, Soon Il

AU - Choi, Yong Sang

AU - Jeong, Jee Hoon

AU - Kim, Baek Min

AU - Kim, Ji Won

AU - Kim, Yeon Hee

AU - Lee, June Yi

AU - Lee, Myong In

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