Gongneung Weir-2 was built in the 1970s to supply water for irrigation. For a long time, the weir was left untended due to the land-use changes that were made to a nearby area. This weir was removed completely on April 4, 2006. The present study investigated the effect of the resultant flow-regime changes on river morphology and fish habitat. Observed changes in the grain size distribution, bed elevation, and cross-section pre- and post-weir removal are provided and discussed in this paper. Various bed zones such as a sand island and a vegetated marshy zone, which can diversify an aquatic habitat, formed after the removal. In fact, changes in the number of observed fish species post-removal also were investigated. Finally, specific changes to the physical habitat of Zacco platypus were numerically simulated using the River2D model. The results indicated that habitat suitability post-removal was enhanced for all flow discharges. The WUA values increased 32.3-53.4% for all life stages in the flow discharge of 1.5m3s-1. The numerical results also showed that after the removal of the weir, the distribution of the physical habitat changed to reflect continuity near the weir.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Nature and Landscape Conservation
- Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law