Changing perspectives on marijuana use during early adolescence and young adulthood: Evidence from a panel of cross-sectional surveys

Christopher P. Salas-Wright, Michael G. Vaughn, Brian E. Perron, Jennifer M.Reingle Gonzalez, Trenette Clark Goings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction Prior research has often overlooked potential cohort differences in marijuana views and use across adolescence and young adulthood. To begin to address this gap, we conduct an exploratory examination of marijuana views and use among American youth using a panel of cross-sectional surveys. Method Findings are based on repeated, cross-sectional data collected annually from adolescents (ages 12–17; n = 230,452) and young adults (ages 18–21; n = 120,588) surveyed as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health between 2002 and 2014. For each of the birth years between 1986 and 1996, we combined a series of nationally representative cross-sections to provide multi-year data strings designed to approximate nationally representative cohorts. Results Compared to youth born in the mid-to-late 1980s, youth born in the mid-1990s reported significantly higher levels of marijuana disapproval during the early adolescent years (Age 14: 1988 = 64.7%, 1994 = 70.4%) but lower levels of disapproval during the young adult years (Age 19: 1988 = 32.0%, 1994 = 25.0%; Age 20: 1988 = 27.9%, 1994 = 19.7%). Moreover, the prevalence of marijuana use among youth born in 1994 was significantly lower—compared to youth born in 1988—at age 14 (1988: 11.39%, 1994: 8.19%) and significantly higher at age 18 (1988: 29.67%, 1994: 34.83%). This pattern held even when adjusting for potential confounding by demographic changes in the population across the study period. Conclusions We see evidence of changes in the perceptions of marijuana use among youth born during the late twentieth century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5-10
Number of pages6
JournalDrug and Alcohol Dependence
Volume169
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Cannabis
Cross-Sectional Studies
Young Adult
Health
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Demography
Parturition
Research

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Cite this

Salas-Wright, Christopher P. ; Vaughn, Michael G. ; Perron, Brian E. ; Gonzalez, Jennifer M.Reingle ; Goings, Trenette Clark. / Changing perspectives on marijuana use during early adolescence and young adulthood : Evidence from a panel of cross-sectional surveys. In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2016 ; Vol. 169. pp. 5-10.
@article{0e8af55d24614c9da0d6b93d054b7de7,
title = "Changing perspectives on marijuana use during early adolescence and young adulthood: Evidence from a panel of cross-sectional surveys",
abstract = "Introduction Prior research has often overlooked potential cohort differences in marijuana views and use across adolescence and young adulthood. To begin to address this gap, we conduct an exploratory examination of marijuana views and use among American youth using a panel of cross-sectional surveys. Method Findings are based on repeated, cross-sectional data collected annually from adolescents (ages 12–17; n = 230,452) and young adults (ages 18–21; n = 120,588) surveyed as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health between 2002 and 2014. For each of the birth years between 1986 and 1996, we combined a series of nationally representative cross-sections to provide multi-year data strings designed to approximate nationally representative cohorts. Results Compared to youth born in the mid-to-late 1980s, youth born in the mid-1990s reported significantly higher levels of marijuana disapproval during the early adolescent years (Age 14: 1988 = 64.7{\%}, 1994 = 70.4{\%}) but lower levels of disapproval during the young adult years (Age 19: 1988 = 32.0{\%}, 1994 = 25.0{\%}; Age 20: 1988 = 27.9{\%}, 1994 = 19.7{\%}). Moreover, the prevalence of marijuana use among youth born in 1994 was significantly lower—compared to youth born in 1988—at age 14 (1988: 11.39{\%}, 1994: 8.19{\%}) and significantly higher at age 18 (1988: 29.67{\%}, 1994: 34.83{\%}). This pattern held even when adjusting for potential confounding by demographic changes in the population across the study period. Conclusions We see evidence of changes in the perceptions of marijuana use among youth born during the late twentieth century.",
author = "Salas-Wright, {Christopher P.} and Vaughn, {Michael G.} and Perron, {Brian E.} and Gonzalez, {Jennifer M.Reingle} and Goings, {Trenette Clark}",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.09.026",
language = "English",
volume = "169",
pages = "5--10",
journal = "Drug and Alcohol Dependence",
issn = "0376-8716",
publisher = "Elsevier Ireland Ltd",

}

Changing perspectives on marijuana use during early adolescence and young adulthood : Evidence from a panel of cross-sectional surveys. / Salas-Wright, Christopher P.; Vaughn, Michael G.; Perron, Brian E.; Gonzalez, Jennifer M.Reingle; Goings, Trenette Clark.

In: Drug and Alcohol Dependence, Vol. 169, 01.12.2016, p. 5-10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changing perspectives on marijuana use during early adolescence and young adulthood

T2 - Evidence from a panel of cross-sectional surveys

AU - Salas-Wright, Christopher P.

AU - Vaughn, Michael G.

AU - Perron, Brian E.

AU - Gonzalez, Jennifer M.Reingle

AU - Goings, Trenette Clark

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Introduction Prior research has often overlooked potential cohort differences in marijuana views and use across adolescence and young adulthood. To begin to address this gap, we conduct an exploratory examination of marijuana views and use among American youth using a panel of cross-sectional surveys. Method Findings are based on repeated, cross-sectional data collected annually from adolescents (ages 12–17; n = 230,452) and young adults (ages 18–21; n = 120,588) surveyed as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health between 2002 and 2014. For each of the birth years between 1986 and 1996, we combined a series of nationally representative cross-sections to provide multi-year data strings designed to approximate nationally representative cohorts. Results Compared to youth born in the mid-to-late 1980s, youth born in the mid-1990s reported significantly higher levels of marijuana disapproval during the early adolescent years (Age 14: 1988 = 64.7%, 1994 = 70.4%) but lower levels of disapproval during the young adult years (Age 19: 1988 = 32.0%, 1994 = 25.0%; Age 20: 1988 = 27.9%, 1994 = 19.7%). Moreover, the prevalence of marijuana use among youth born in 1994 was significantly lower—compared to youth born in 1988—at age 14 (1988: 11.39%, 1994: 8.19%) and significantly higher at age 18 (1988: 29.67%, 1994: 34.83%). This pattern held even when adjusting for potential confounding by demographic changes in the population across the study period. Conclusions We see evidence of changes in the perceptions of marijuana use among youth born during the late twentieth century.

AB - Introduction Prior research has often overlooked potential cohort differences in marijuana views and use across adolescence and young adulthood. To begin to address this gap, we conduct an exploratory examination of marijuana views and use among American youth using a panel of cross-sectional surveys. Method Findings are based on repeated, cross-sectional data collected annually from adolescents (ages 12–17; n = 230,452) and young adults (ages 18–21; n = 120,588) surveyed as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health between 2002 and 2014. For each of the birth years between 1986 and 1996, we combined a series of nationally representative cross-sections to provide multi-year data strings designed to approximate nationally representative cohorts. Results Compared to youth born in the mid-to-late 1980s, youth born in the mid-1990s reported significantly higher levels of marijuana disapproval during the early adolescent years (Age 14: 1988 = 64.7%, 1994 = 70.4%) but lower levels of disapproval during the young adult years (Age 19: 1988 = 32.0%, 1994 = 25.0%; Age 20: 1988 = 27.9%, 1994 = 19.7%). Moreover, the prevalence of marijuana use among youth born in 1994 was significantly lower—compared to youth born in 1988—at age 14 (1988: 11.39%, 1994: 8.19%) and significantly higher at age 18 (1988: 29.67%, 1994: 34.83%). This pattern held even when adjusting for potential confounding by demographic changes in the population across the study period. Conclusions We see evidence of changes in the perceptions of marijuana use among youth born during the late twentieth century.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84991736460&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84991736460&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.09.026

DO - 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2016.09.026

M3 - Article

C2 - 27750184

AN - SCOPUS:84991736460

VL - 169

SP - 5

EP - 10

JO - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

JF - Drug and Alcohol Dependence

SN - 0376-8716

ER -