Characteristics of an encased gas transportation pipeline in offshore application

Jong Hwa Won, Moon Kyum Kim, Dong Hyeon Ryu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

When gas pipelines go through oceans or rivers, according to KOGAS (Korea Gas Corporation) design criteria, buried pipes are encased in concrete due to heavy water pressure and sudden impacts. Especially, the submarine pipes for HVL (High Volatility Liquid) in the deep-seabed are recommended to be encased in assistant structures. This study includes the behavior of pipelines encased in rectangular concrete which suffer from external pressure according to the depth, as well as the inner pressure generated by fluid inside. Based on classical theory of elasticity, the interface stress for the steel-concrete composite pipeline was defined using results from a FEM analysis. Investigations were done on local deformities of the diameter at each part of the pipelines. After calculation the local deformed diameter by using an existing equation for computing the stress in double walled cylinders, which considers the internal and soil pressure, the rate of diameter change is determined. The results were then compared with the behavior of the pipeline encased in rectangular concrete. Through this study, it was verified that pipelines encased in rectangular concrete are about 50% more effective in stress reduction than pipelines without any complementary structure and almost all the external loads are supported by concrete encasement. This study is an elementary part of the research for a new efficient integrity estimation method of concrete-covered submarine pipelines. With this result, the basic design element needed in designing submarine pipelines with protective structure was found.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of The Seventeenth 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007
Pages2700-2706
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Dec 3
Event17th 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 2007 Jul 12007 Jul 6

Publication series

NameProceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference
ISSN (Print)1098-6189
ISSN (Electronic)1555-1792

Other

Other17th 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period07/7/107/7/6

Fingerprint

Pipelines
Concretes
Gases
Submarine pipelines
Pipe
Heavy water
Gas pipelines
Elasticity
Rivers
Soils
Finite element method
Fluids
Steel
Composite materials
Liquids
Industry

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

Won, J. H., Kim, M. K., & Ryu, D. H. (2007). Characteristics of an encased gas transportation pipeline in offshore application. In Proceedings of The Seventeenth 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007 (pp. 2700-2706). (Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference).
Won, Jong Hwa ; Kim, Moon Kyum ; Ryu, Dong Hyeon. / Characteristics of an encased gas transportation pipeline in offshore application. Proceedings of The Seventeenth 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007. 2007. pp. 2700-2706 (Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference).
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title = "Characteristics of an encased gas transportation pipeline in offshore application",
abstract = "When gas pipelines go through oceans or rivers, according to KOGAS (Korea Gas Corporation) design criteria, buried pipes are encased in concrete due to heavy water pressure and sudden impacts. Especially, the submarine pipes for HVL (High Volatility Liquid) in the deep-seabed are recommended to be encased in assistant structures. This study includes the behavior of pipelines encased in rectangular concrete which suffer from external pressure according to the depth, as well as the inner pressure generated by fluid inside. Based on classical theory of elasticity, the interface stress for the steel-concrete composite pipeline was defined using results from a FEM analysis. Investigations were done on local deformities of the diameter at each part of the pipelines. After calculation the local deformed diameter by using an existing equation for computing the stress in double walled cylinders, which considers the internal and soil pressure, the rate of diameter change is determined. The results were then compared with the behavior of the pipeline encased in rectangular concrete. Through this study, it was verified that pipelines encased in rectangular concrete are about 50{\%} more effective in stress reduction than pipelines without any complementary structure and almost all the external loads are supported by concrete encasement. This study is an elementary part of the research for a new efficient integrity estimation method of concrete-covered submarine pipelines. With this result, the basic design element needed in designing submarine pipelines with protective structure was found.",
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Won, JH, Kim, MK & Ryu, DH 2007, Characteristics of an encased gas transportation pipeline in offshore application. in Proceedings of The Seventeenth 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007. Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, pp. 2700-2706, 17th 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, 07/7/1.

Characteristics of an encased gas transportation pipeline in offshore application. / Won, Jong Hwa; Kim, Moon Kyum; Ryu, Dong Hyeon.

Proceedings of The Seventeenth 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007. 2007. p. 2700-2706 (Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

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Won JH, Kim MK, Ryu DH. Characteristics of an encased gas transportation pipeline in offshore application. In Proceedings of The Seventeenth 2007 International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference, ISOPE 2007. 2007. p. 2700-2706. (Proceedings of the International Offshore and Polar Engineering Conference).