Characteristics of body fat, body fat percentage and other body composition for Koreans from KNHANES IV

Sangmo Hong, Han Jin Oh, Hoon Choi, Jung Gu Kim, Sungkil Lim, Eun Kyung Kim, Eun Young Pyo, Kyungwon Oh, Young Taek Kim, Kevin Wilson, Woong Hwan Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Accurate measurement of fat mass has become increasingly important with the increasing incidence of obesity. We assessed fat and muscle mass of Koreans with the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV (KNHANES IV). We studied 10,456 subjects (aged 20 to 85 yr; 4,476 men, 5,980 women). Fat and muscle mass were measured by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Reference values of body compositions were obtained using the LMS method. The fat mass index (FMI, body fat mass/height 2; kg/m 2) of Korean men did not correlate with age (P = 0.452), but those of Korean women (P < 0.001) did. The ratio of percentage of fat in the trunk and legs was positively related with age in both the genders. The appendicular lean mass/height 2 (kg/m 2) of Korean men was negatively related to age (P < 0.001). In women, this ratio increased with age (P < 0.001). When we defined obesity according to the FMI classification, the rates of obesity were 6.1% (FMI > 9 kg/m 2) in men and 2.7% (FMI > 13 kg/m 2) in women. It is concluded that the muscle mass decreases and obesity increases with aging in Korean men, whereas both fat mass and obesity increase with aging in Korean women.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1599-1605
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Volume26
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Dec 1

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Fat Body
Nutrition Surveys
Korea
Body Composition
Adipose Tissue
Fats
Obesity
Muscles
Reference Values
X-Rays
Incidence

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Hong, Sangmo ; Oh, Han Jin ; Choi, Hoon ; Kim, Jung Gu ; Lim, Sungkil ; Kim, Eun Kyung ; Pyo, Eun Young ; Oh, Kyungwon ; Kim, Young Taek ; Wilson, Kevin ; Choi, Woong Hwan. / Characteristics of body fat, body fat percentage and other body composition for Koreans from KNHANES IV. In: Journal of Korean medical science. 2011 ; Vol. 26, No. 12. pp. 1599-1605.
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Hong, S, Oh, HJ, Choi, H, Kim, JG, Lim, S, Kim, EK, Pyo, EY, Oh, K, Kim, YT, Wilson, K & Choi, WH 2011, 'Characteristics of body fat, body fat percentage and other body composition for Koreans from KNHANES IV', Journal of Korean medical science, vol. 26, no. 12, pp. 1599-1605. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2011.26.12.1599

Characteristics of body fat, body fat percentage and other body composition for Koreans from KNHANES IV. / Hong, Sangmo; Oh, Han Jin; Choi, Hoon; Kim, Jung Gu; Lim, Sungkil; Kim, Eun Kyung; Pyo, Eun Young; Oh, Kyungwon; Kim, Young Taek; Wilson, Kevin; Choi, Woong Hwan.

In: Journal of Korean medical science, Vol. 26, No. 12, 01.12.2011, p. 1599-1605.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hong, Sangmo

AU - Oh, Han Jin

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AU - Choi, Woong Hwan

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