Characteristics of permanent scatterer in coastal area

Joong Sun Won, Seung Kuk Lee, Sang Wan Kim, Sang Hoon Hong, Kyoung Ok Kim

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

We have succeeded in estimating tide height in the coastal area with an r.m.s. error of 5.7 cm by exploiting interferometeric phase and image intensity of JERS-1 SAR data in our previous work. We used an array of oyster farming frames, composed of two vertical poles and one horizontal pole for each frame, as permanent scatterers. In this paper, we investigate the backscattering characteristics of the structure using AIRSAR data and results of experiment in laboratory. AIRSAR polarimetric images show L-band HH- and VV-polarization produce strong returns from the target structures. Classification of L-band polarimetric AIRSAR data confirms the double-bounce scatter is dominant scattering mechanism. Odd-number scatter is, however, not negligible. The ratio of single-bounce to double-bounce scattering depends of the relative radar look direction to the target array and sea surface conditions. Laboratory experiments were carried out using Ku-band according to the target scale. The results of the experiments can be summarized as: i) the structures produce a mixed signal of double-bounce and odd-bounce scatter; ii) the backscattering from horizontal pole is very sensitive to radar look direction; iii) the signals from vertical poles are stronger than that from horizontal pole. From the results, it is concluded that water level change can be most effectively estimated when vertical poles in the water are observed by L-band HH- or VV-polarization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages3633-3635
Number of pages3
Publication statusPublished - 2004 Dec 1
Event2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings: Science for Society: Exploring and Managing a Changing Planet. IGARSS 2004 - Anchorage, AK, United States
Duration: 2004 Sep 202004 Sep 24

Other

Other2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings: Science for Society: Exploring and Managing a Changing Planet. IGARSS 2004
CountryUnited States
CityAnchorage, AK
Period04/9/2004/9/24

Fingerprint

Poles
polarization
scattering
radar
Backscattering
sea surface
synthetic aperture radar
tide
Radar
water level
experiment
Scattering
Polarization
Experiments
Tides
Water levels
coastal area
water
Water
oyster farming

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

Cite this

Won, J. S., Lee, S. K., Kim, S. W., Hong, S. H., & Kim, K. O. (2004). Characteristics of permanent scatterer in coastal area. 3633-3635. Paper presented at 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings: Science for Society: Exploring and Managing a Changing Planet. IGARSS 2004, Anchorage, AK, United States.
Won, Joong Sun ; Lee, Seung Kuk ; Kim, Sang Wan ; Hong, Sang Hoon ; Kim, Kyoung Ok. / Characteristics of permanent scatterer in coastal area. Paper presented at 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings: Science for Society: Exploring and Managing a Changing Planet. IGARSS 2004, Anchorage, AK, United States.3 p.
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Won, JS, Lee, SK, Kim, SW, Hong, SH & Kim, KO 2004, 'Characteristics of permanent scatterer in coastal area', Paper presented at 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings: Science for Society: Exploring and Managing a Changing Planet. IGARSS 2004, Anchorage, AK, United States, 04/9/20 - 04/9/24 pp. 3633-3635.

Characteristics of permanent scatterer in coastal area. / Won, Joong Sun; Lee, Seung Kuk; Kim, Sang Wan; Hong, Sang Hoon; Kim, Kyoung Ok.

2004. 3633-3635 Paper presented at 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings: Science for Society: Exploring and Managing a Changing Planet. IGARSS 2004, Anchorage, AK, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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AU - Won, Joong Sun

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AU - Hong, Sang Hoon

AU - Kim, Kyoung Ok

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Y1 - 2004/12/1

N2 - We have succeeded in estimating tide height in the coastal area with an r.m.s. error of 5.7 cm by exploiting interferometeric phase and image intensity of JERS-1 SAR data in our previous work. We used an array of oyster farming frames, composed of two vertical poles and one horizontal pole for each frame, as permanent scatterers. In this paper, we investigate the backscattering characteristics of the structure using AIRSAR data and results of experiment in laboratory. AIRSAR polarimetric images show L-band HH- and VV-polarization produce strong returns from the target structures. Classification of L-band polarimetric AIRSAR data confirms the double-bounce scatter is dominant scattering mechanism. Odd-number scatter is, however, not negligible. The ratio of single-bounce to double-bounce scattering depends of the relative radar look direction to the target array and sea surface conditions. Laboratory experiments were carried out using Ku-band according to the target scale. The results of the experiments can be summarized as: i) the structures produce a mixed signal of double-bounce and odd-bounce scatter; ii) the backscattering from horizontal pole is very sensitive to radar look direction; iii) the signals from vertical poles are stronger than that from horizontal pole. From the results, it is concluded that water level change can be most effectively estimated when vertical poles in the water are observed by L-band HH- or VV-polarization.

AB - We have succeeded in estimating tide height in the coastal area with an r.m.s. error of 5.7 cm by exploiting interferometeric phase and image intensity of JERS-1 SAR data in our previous work. We used an array of oyster farming frames, composed of two vertical poles and one horizontal pole for each frame, as permanent scatterers. In this paper, we investigate the backscattering characteristics of the structure using AIRSAR data and results of experiment in laboratory. AIRSAR polarimetric images show L-band HH- and VV-polarization produce strong returns from the target structures. Classification of L-band polarimetric AIRSAR data confirms the double-bounce scatter is dominant scattering mechanism. Odd-number scatter is, however, not negligible. The ratio of single-bounce to double-bounce scattering depends of the relative radar look direction to the target array and sea surface conditions. Laboratory experiments were carried out using Ku-band according to the target scale. The results of the experiments can be summarized as: i) the structures produce a mixed signal of double-bounce and odd-bounce scatter; ii) the backscattering from horizontal pole is very sensitive to radar look direction; iii) the signals from vertical poles are stronger than that from horizontal pole. From the results, it is concluded that water level change can be most effectively estimated when vertical poles in the water are observed by L-band HH- or VV-polarization.

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Won JS, Lee SK, Kim SW, Hong SH, Kim KO. Characteristics of permanent scatterer in coastal area. 2004. Paper presented at 2004 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium Proceedings: Science for Society: Exploring and Managing a Changing Planet. IGARSS 2004, Anchorage, AK, United States.