Controlled oxidation of sulfur atoms in benzothiophene rings of a photochromic diarylethene, 1,2-bis(2-methyl-1-benzothiophene-3-yl)perfluorocyclopentene (BTF6) by 3-chloroperbenzoic acid afforded various oxidation products such as BTFO1, BTFO2, and BTFO4. Upon irradiation with UV light, colorless o-BTFO1 and o-BTFO2 turned to red color, whereas colorless o-BTFO4 turned to yellow color. Theoretical calculation was performed to understand the absorption spectra of closed-ring isomers. All of those compounds returned back to their open-ring isomers upon irradiation with visible light. The cyclization conversions of BTFOn (n=1, 2, and 4) at the photostationary state are higher than that of BTF6. Interestingly, in the case of BTFO1, because of the unsymmetrical environment around the sulfoxide subunit in the molecule, the diastereoselective photocyclization was observed in 25% de. In addition, c-BTFO2 and c-BTFO4 also exhibited a marked fatigue resistance and strong fluorescence, respectively. Oxidation state of sulfur atom in a diarylethene can play an important role in determining its photophysical and photochromic properties.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Korean Research Foundation (KRF-2005-005-J00801, K.-H.A., S.I.Y.), and the Ministry of Science and Technology, Korea, through the Nanotechnology Development Program (E.K.).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Drug Discovery
- Organic Chemistry