We prepared and characterized active, oxygen-scavenging, low density polyethylene (LDPE) films from a non-metallic-based oxygen scavenging system (OSS) containing 1, 3, 5, 10, and 20% of gallic acid (GA) and potassium chloride (PC). We compared the surface morphology and mechanical, permeability, and optical properties of the oxygen-scavenging LDPE film with those of pure LDPE film. The surface morphology, gas barrier, and thermal properties indicate that the OSS was well incorporated into the LDPE film structure. The surface roughness of the film increased with the amount of oxygen scavenging material. The oxygen and water vapor permeability of the developed film also increased with the amount of oxygen scavenging material, though its elongation decreased. The oxygen scavenging capability of the prepared film was analyzed at different temperatures. The initial oxygen content (%) in the vial headspace, 20.90%, decreased to 16.6% at 4 °C, 14.6% at 23 °C, and 12.7% at 50 °C after 7 days of storage with the film containing 20% OSS. The film impregnated with 20% organic oxygen scavenging material showed an effective oxygen scavenging capacity of 0.709 mL/cm2 at 23 °C. Relative humidity triggered the oxygen scavenging reaction.
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© 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry