Characterization of controlled-release KMnO4 (CRP) barrier system for groundwater remediation: A pilot-scale flow-tank study

Eung Seok Lee, Nam Chil Woo, Franklin W. Schwartz, Byung Sun Lee, Ki Churl Lee, Myung Ha Woo, Jeong Hee Kim, Ho Kyoung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Release and spreading of permanganate (MnO4 -) in the well-based controlled-release potassium permanganate (KMnO4) barrier system (CRP system) was investigated by conducting column release tests, model simulations, soil oxidant demand (SOD) analyses, and pilot-scale flow-tank experiments. A large flow tank (L × W × D = 8 m × 4 m × 3 m) was constructed. Pilot-scale CRP pellets (OD × L = 0.05 m × 1.5 m; n = 110) were manufactured by mixing ∼198 kg of KMnO4 powders with paraffin wax and silica sands in cylindrical moulds. The CRP system (L × W × D = 3 m × 4 m × 1.5 m) comprising 110 delivery wells in three discrete barriers was constructed in the flow tank. Natural sands (organic carbon content = 0.18%; SOD = 3.7-11 gMnO4 - kg-1) were used as porous media. Column release tests and model simulations indicated that the CRP system could continuously release MnO4 - over several years, with slowly decreasing release rates of 2.5 kg d-1 (day one), 109 g d-1 (day 100), 58 g d-1 (year one), 22 g d-1 (year five), and 12 g d-1 (year 10). Mean MnO4 - concentrations within the CRP system ranged from 0.5 to 6 mg l-1 during the 42 days of testing period. The continuously releasing MnO4 - was gradually removed by SOD limiting the length of MnO4 - zone in the porous media. These data suggested that the CRP system could create persistent and confined oxidation zone in the subsurface. Through development of advanced tools for describing agent transport and facilitating lateral agent spreading, the CRP system could provide new approach for long-term in situ treatment of contaminant plumes in groundwater.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)902-910
Number of pages9
JournalChemosphere
Volume71
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Mar 1

Fingerprint

Groundwater
Remediation
Potassium
remediation
potassium
Potassium Permanganate
groundwater
Oxidants
oxidant
Soils
Porous materials
porous medium
Silica sand
Paraffin waxes
Soil
sand
soil
wax
Organic carbon
model test

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Lee, Eung Seok ; Woo, Nam Chil ; Schwartz, Franklin W. ; Lee, Byung Sun ; Lee, Ki Churl ; Woo, Myung Ha ; Kim, Jeong Hee ; Kim, Ho Kyoung. / Characterization of controlled-release KMnO4 (CRP) barrier system for groundwater remediation : A pilot-scale flow-tank study. In: Chemosphere. 2008 ; Vol. 71, No. 5. pp. 902-910.
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abstract = "Release and spreading of permanganate (MnO4 -) in the well-based controlled-release potassium permanganate (KMnO4) barrier system (CRP system) was investigated by conducting column release tests, model simulations, soil oxidant demand (SOD) analyses, and pilot-scale flow-tank experiments. A large flow tank (L × W × D = 8 m × 4 m × 3 m) was constructed. Pilot-scale CRP pellets (OD × L = 0.05 m × 1.5 m; n = 110) were manufactured by mixing ∼198 kg of KMnO4 powders with paraffin wax and silica sands in cylindrical moulds. The CRP system (L × W × D = 3 m × 4 m × 1.5 m) comprising 110 delivery wells in three discrete barriers was constructed in the flow tank. Natural sands (organic carbon content = 0.18{\%}; SOD = 3.7-11 gMnO4 - kg-1) were used as porous media. Column release tests and model simulations indicated that the CRP system could continuously release MnO4 - over several years, with slowly decreasing release rates of 2.5 kg d-1 (day one), 109 g d-1 (day 100), 58 g d-1 (year one), 22 g d-1 (year five), and 12 g d-1 (year 10). Mean MnO4 - concentrations within the CRP system ranged from 0.5 to 6 mg l-1 during the 42 days of testing period. The continuously releasing MnO4 - was gradually removed by SOD limiting the length of MnO4 - zone in the porous media. These data suggested that the CRP system could create persistent and confined oxidation zone in the subsurface. Through development of advanced tools for describing agent transport and facilitating lateral agent spreading, the CRP system could provide new approach for long-term in situ treatment of contaminant plumes in groundwater.",
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Characterization of controlled-release KMnO4 (CRP) barrier system for groundwater remediation : A pilot-scale flow-tank study. / Lee, Eung Seok; Woo, Nam Chil; Schwartz, Franklin W.; Lee, Byung Sun; Lee, Ki Churl; Woo, Myung Ha; Kim, Jeong Hee; Kim, Ho Kyoung.

In: Chemosphere, Vol. 71, No. 5, 01.03.2008, p. 902-910.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Characterization of controlled-release KMnO4 (CRP) barrier system for groundwater remediation

T2 - A pilot-scale flow-tank study

AU - Lee, Eung Seok

AU - Woo, Nam Chil

AU - Schwartz, Franklin W.

AU - Lee, Byung Sun

AU - Lee, Ki Churl

AU - Woo, Myung Ha

AU - Kim, Jeong Hee

AU - Kim, Ho Kyoung

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AB - Release and spreading of permanganate (MnO4 -) in the well-based controlled-release potassium permanganate (KMnO4) barrier system (CRP system) was investigated by conducting column release tests, model simulations, soil oxidant demand (SOD) analyses, and pilot-scale flow-tank experiments. A large flow tank (L × W × D = 8 m × 4 m × 3 m) was constructed. Pilot-scale CRP pellets (OD × L = 0.05 m × 1.5 m; n = 110) were manufactured by mixing ∼198 kg of KMnO4 powders with paraffin wax and silica sands in cylindrical moulds. The CRP system (L × W × D = 3 m × 4 m × 1.5 m) comprising 110 delivery wells in three discrete barriers was constructed in the flow tank. Natural sands (organic carbon content = 0.18%; SOD = 3.7-11 gMnO4 - kg-1) were used as porous media. Column release tests and model simulations indicated that the CRP system could continuously release MnO4 - over several years, with slowly decreasing release rates of 2.5 kg d-1 (day one), 109 g d-1 (day 100), 58 g d-1 (year one), 22 g d-1 (year five), and 12 g d-1 (year 10). Mean MnO4 - concentrations within the CRP system ranged from 0.5 to 6 mg l-1 during the 42 days of testing period. The continuously releasing MnO4 - was gradually removed by SOD limiting the length of MnO4 - zone in the porous media. These data suggested that the CRP system could create persistent and confined oxidation zone in the subsurface. Through development of advanced tools for describing agent transport and facilitating lateral agent spreading, the CRP system could provide new approach for long-term in situ treatment of contaminant plumes in groundwater.

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