As the marine industry develops, the importance of seawater treatment process is increasing. To treat seawater, oxidation processes have primarily been used, such as ballast water treatment systems, aquaculture farm operations, aquarium management, and seawater desalination. However, dissolved organic matter in seawater, whose characteristics vary spatially and seasonally, affects the efficiency of oxidation processes. Therefore, in this study, seawater samples were acquired from various locations in the Republic of Korea to understand the spatio-temporal patterns of marine dissolved organic matter. It was reported that the characterization of marine dissolved organic matter using liquid chromatography—organic carbon detector and excitation-emission matrix—parallel factor modeling. Furthermore, the effects of marine dissolved organic matter were evaluated on ozonation, an oxidation process. The results demonstrate that marine dissolved organic matter varies in its aquagenic, pedogenic, and intermediate characteristics based on region and season. These variations affect ozonation by influencing the consumption of oxidants (e.g., bromine). As a result, it was concluded that characterizing marine dissolved organic matter can help improve the effectiveness of oxidation processes, particularly ozonation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIP) [ NRF-2016R1A2B4015598 ].
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis