Characterization of perovskite-type cathode, La0.75Sr0.25 Mn0.95-xCox Ni0.05O3+δ (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.3), for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cells

Ravindra K. Gupta, Ik Jin Choi, Yong Soo Cho, Hong Lim Lee, Sang Hoon Hyun

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9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phase evolution, structure, thermal property, morphology, electrical property and reactivity of a perovskite-type cathode system, La0.75Sr0.25 Mn0.95-xCoxNi0.05O3+δ (0.1 ≤ x ≤ 0.3), are reported. The samples are synthesized using metal acetates by the Pechini method. A perovskite-type phase is formed after calcination at ∼700 °C and a rhombohedral symmetry of R - 3c space group is stabilized at ∼1100 °C. An increase in x decreases the unit cell volume linearly, accompanying with a linear decrease in bond lengths and tilt angle. The differential thermal analysis suggests the phase stabilization for a temperature range, 50-1100 °C. The thermo-gravimetric, thermal expansion, and electrical and ionic conductivities studies suggest presence of a Jahn-Teller transition at ∼260-290 °C. The samples with x = 0.1 mol exhibit electrical conductivity of ∼55 S cm-1 at ∼600 °C, activation energy of ∼0.13 eV, coefficient of thermal expansion of ∼12 × 106 °C-1, crystallite size of ∼45 nm, Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) surface area of 1.26 m2 g-1 and average particle size of ∼0.9 μm. A fairly high ionic conductivity, 5-9 × 10-2 S cm-1 makes the sample with x = 0.1 mole suitable for intermediate-temperature solid oxide fuel cell cathode applications. The experimental results are discussed with the help of the defect models proposed for La1-xSrxMnO3+δ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371-377
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume187
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Feb 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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