Characterization of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in different particle size fractions of marine sediments

Se Jin Lee, Ji Hun Kim, Yoon Seok Chang, Myeong Hee Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The distribution of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) was examined according to particle size in marine sediments, with a particular focus on fine particulates. Samples from different coastal sites were fractionated into five size groups (<2, 2-5, 5-10, 10-20, and 20-63 μm diameter) by gravitational split-flow thin fractionation. Despite the different size profiles and PCDD/F contents of the sediments at each site, PCDD/F levels in fractionations tended to increase as the particle size decreased; the PCDD/F levels in the finest particles were up to 16 times higher than in the coarsest particles, which was associated with their organic carbon contents. Log normalization showed high levels of PCDD/Fs in the fine silt particles (2-10 μm), which are consumable by aquatic biota. Because of the different toxicity and bioavailability of PCDD/Fs in different sediment particle sizes, it is important to study particle actions to understand their effects on the aquatic ecosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)554-561
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Pollution
Volume144
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Nov 1

Fingerprint

Geologic Sediments
Particle Size
Sediments
Particle size
Fractionation
Aquatic ecosystems
Silt
Organic carbon
Toxicity
Biota
Biological Availability
Ecosystem
dibenzo(1,4)dioxin
Dibenzofurans
Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins
Carbon

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Toxicology
  • Pollution
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in different particle size fractions of marine sediments",
abstract = "The distribution of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) was examined according to particle size in marine sediments, with a particular focus on fine particulates. Samples from different coastal sites were fractionated into five size groups (<2, 2-5, 5-10, 10-20, and 20-63 μm diameter) by gravitational split-flow thin fractionation. Despite the different size profiles and PCDD/F contents of the sediments at each site, PCDD/F levels in fractionations tended to increase as the particle size decreased; the PCDD/F levels in the finest particles were up to 16 times higher than in the coarsest particles, which was associated with their organic carbon contents. Log normalization showed high levels of PCDD/Fs in the fine silt particles (2-10 μm), which are consumable by aquatic biota. Because of the different toxicity and bioavailability of PCDD/Fs in different sediment particle sizes, it is important to study particle actions to understand their effects on the aquatic ecosystem.",
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Characterization of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans in different particle size fractions of marine sediments. / Lee, Se Jin; Kim, Ji Hun; Chang, Yoon Seok; Moon, Myeong Hee.

In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 144, No. 2, 01.11.2006, p. 554-561.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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