Characterization of polyethersulfone/polyimide blend membranes prepared by a dry/wet phase inversion: Precipitation kinetics, morphology and gas separation

Junyoung Han, Wonseok Lee, Jae Min Choi, Rajkumar Patel, Byoung Ryul Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Flat sheet gas separation membranes of polyethersulfone (PES), polyimide (Matrimid, MI) and their blends were fabricated by a spin casting method followed by a dry/wet induced phase inversion process. The mixing compatibility and thermal stability of the blend membrane were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) respectively. The forming behavior was investigated by the ternary phase diagram and an optical microscope with PES, MI and PES/MI blend (5:5). In this ternary system, the average of diffusion coefficient, De, of PES, MI and EM5050 were respectively 8.35 × 10-5, 10.22 × 10-5 and 3.09 × 10-5 cm2/s. The morphology of membranes was studied by a scanning electron microscope (SEM). All prepared membranes had an ultrathin dense skin layer (<1 μm) on the top of the membrane. The blend membrane with MI composition from 40 to 80 wt.% showed sponge-like sub-layer whereas pristine membrane as well as the rest of the composition showed the finger-like sub-layer (macrovoids). Gas permeance of N2, increased with increase in feed pressure irrespective of blend composition. The permselectivity of PES/MI (30/70 wt.%) decreased from 5.4 to 4.9 with increase in the feed pressure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-148
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume351
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Apr 1

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polyimides
Polyimides
Gases
inversions
membranes
Membranes
Kinetics
kinetics
gases
Hot Temperature
Chemical analysis
Pressure
Gravimetric analysis
Porifera
Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy
Ternary systems
ternary systems
polyether sulfone
optical microscopes
compatibility

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this

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title = "Characterization of polyethersulfone/polyimide blend membranes prepared by a dry/wet phase inversion: Precipitation kinetics, morphology and gas separation",
abstract = "Flat sheet gas separation membranes of polyethersulfone (PES), polyimide (Matrimid, MI) and their blends were fabricated by a spin casting method followed by a dry/wet induced phase inversion process. The mixing compatibility and thermal stability of the blend membrane were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) respectively. The forming behavior was investigated by the ternary phase diagram and an optical microscope with PES, MI and PES/MI blend (5:5). In this ternary system, the average of diffusion coefficient, De, of PES, MI and EM5050 were respectively 8.35 × 10-5, 10.22 × 10-5 and 3.09 × 10-5 cm2/s. The morphology of membranes was studied by a scanning electron microscope (SEM). All prepared membranes had an ultrathin dense skin layer (<1 μm) on the top of the membrane. The blend membrane with MI composition from 40 to 80 wt.{\%} showed sponge-like sub-layer whereas pristine membrane as well as the rest of the composition showed the finger-like sub-layer (macrovoids). Gas permeance of N2, increased with increase in feed pressure irrespective of blend composition. The permselectivity of PES/MI (30/70 wt.{\%}) decreased from 5.4 to 4.9 with increase in the feed pressure.",
author = "Junyoung Han and Wonseok Lee and Choi, {Jae Min} and Rajkumar Patel and Min, {Byoung Ryul}",
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Characterization of polyethersulfone/polyimide blend membranes prepared by a dry/wet phase inversion : Precipitation kinetics, morphology and gas separation. / Han, Junyoung; Lee, Wonseok; Choi, Jae Min; Patel, Rajkumar; Min, Byoung Ryul.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 351, No. 1-2, 01.04.2010, p. 141-148.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Characterization of polyethersulfone/polyimide blend membranes prepared by a dry/wet phase inversion

T2 - Precipitation kinetics, morphology and gas separation

AU - Han, Junyoung

AU - Lee, Wonseok

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AU - Patel, Rajkumar

AU - Min, Byoung Ryul

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