This study was conducted to illustrate an ideal method for characterizing natural waters for ozonation processes in drinking water treatment plants. A specific instrument designed with the flow injection analysis (FIA) technique enabled us to measure accurately the ozone decomposition rate, which was found to consist of two stages: the instantaneous ozone consumption stage and the slower ozone decay stage. The ozone consumption rate was measured at the initial and secondary stages by determining certain parameters called the instantaneous ozone demand (ID) and the pseudo first-order decay rate constant (kc). Using the OH·-probe, the yield of OH· per consumed ozone was also measured to determine its potential to produce OH· for the oxidation of micropollutants during the ozonation process. The ozone consumption of the ID values was significant in most natural waters, and substantial amounts of OH· were found to generate during the instantaneous ozone consumption stage. This study also investigated the effects of particulates, ozone doses, and sequential ozone injection on ozone decomposition kinetics and OH· formation yield.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was partly supported by grant No (1999-2-309-007-3) from the Basic Research Program of the Korea Science & Engineering Foundation, and the Brain Korea 21 project. The authors are thankful for the support of this fund.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Ecological Modelling
- Water Science and Technology
- Waste Management and Disposal