Characterizing Optimum Casing Configuration for Laterally Loaded Micropiles with Inclined Condition

Seongcheol Hong, Garam Kim, Incheol Kim, Jiyeong Lee, Junhwan Lee

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Micropile is vulnerable to lateral load due to the small diameter configuration. Inclusion of a steel casing can be an effective option to enhance the lateral load capacity of micropile, yet not quantified in detail. In this study, the reinforcing effect of casing for laterally loaded micropile is investigated considering the inclined condition of micropile. A series of the finite element analysis were performed to simulate laterally loaded micropiles for various configuration conditions. The maximum bending moment (Mmax) and its location (Zmax) became smaller and shallower, respectively, when micropile was inclined at an angle of θ, which is advantageous in design. For micropile with a casing, the lateral load capacity (Hu) increased as casing length (Lc) increased, and the effect of θ was similar for all cases with different length ratios of casing and micropile (i.e., Lc/Lp). Hu increased by 50% to 60% for Lc/Lp of 0 to 0.3, respectively. For Lc/Lp > 0.3, the values of both Hu and Mmax did not change significantly for all θs. Therefore, Lc/Lp = 0.3 was proposed as an optimum casing length that yields the most economical yet most enhanced stability condition. A design equation was proposed to estimate the lateral load capacity of inclined micropiles with a casing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3776-3788
Number of pages13
JournalKSCE Journal of Civil Engineering
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2022 Sept

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was conducted with the support of the “National R&D Project for Smart Construction Technology (No. 22SMIP-A158708-03)” funded by the Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement under the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, and managed by the Korea Expressway Corporation. It was also supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2020R1A2C201196613).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022, Korean Society of Civil Engineers.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering


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