Characterizing uplift load capacity of micropiles embedded in soil and rock considering inclined installation conditions

Qaisar Abbas, Wonseok Choi, Garam Kim, Incheol Kim, Junhwan Lee

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6 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, the uplift load-carrying behavior of inclined micropiles (MP) embedded in various soil-rock layer conditions was investigated. For this purpose, a series of model load tests and finite element analyses were performed. The focus was given on the effects of MP inclination angle (θ) and rock-embedded ratio (Zr/L). For MPs in rock, the uplift load capacity (Qu,θ) was highest when vertically installed and decreased with increasing θ. The Qu,θ of MPs embedded in soil-rock mixed layers increased with Zr/L and decreased with increasing θ. Marked increases in Qu,θ were observed for Zr/L larger than 0.6 for all θs. As MPs inclination increased, the load-carrying mechanism shifted from the frictional resistance towards the passive resistance. The MPs inclined configuration caused less mobilization of the frictional resistance within the rock-embedded zone while producing the passive resistance within the upper soil zone. This explained the reductions in Qu,θ with increasing θ for MPs with the rock-embedded condition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103995
JournalComputers and Geotechnics
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Apr

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work is supported by the Korea Agency for Infrastructure Technology Advancement (KAIA); the Korea Institute of Energy Technology Evaluation and Planning (KETEP) and the Ministry of Trade, Industry & Energy (MOTIE) and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) (Nos. 20SMIP-A158708-01; 20194030202460 and 2020R1A2C2011966).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Elsevier Ltd

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology
  • Computer Science Applications


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