Charge carrier trapping and enhanced electroluminescent efficiency of blue light emitting polymer with gold nanoparticles

Jong Hyeok Park, Yu Ri Choi, Byung Doo Chin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the current injection, transport, and luminous efficiency behavior of organic light emitting diode (OLED) containing the 5-10 nm-sized gold particles mixed in the polyfluorene-type copolymer. This nanoparticle-conjugated polymer mixture layer was used as hole injection, transport, and light emitting layer for various structures of OLED based on the phosphorescent and fluorescent emitters. Due to the hole trapping at the nanopaticle, carrier injection is significantly reduced while the hole transport behavior is found to be barely affected. Hole trapping of nanoparticle in light emitting layer (at 4.7∼9.4x 10 -5 w/w fraction) resulted in an enhancement of efficiency (from 5.23 cd/A to 6.50 cd/A). The existence of the outcoupling effect also supports the carrier trapping behavior, which is amended mechanism of the improved efficiency compared to previously reported mechanism of enhanced photoluminescent stability by a hindrance of photo-oxidation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7451-7455
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Charge carriers
Gold
Nanoparticles
charge carriers
Polymers
trapping
Organic light emitting diodes (OLED)
gold
Light
nanoparticles
polymers
light emitting diodes
Photooxidation
Conjugated polymers
injection
Injections
photooxidation
carrier injection
Copolymers
copolymers

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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Charge carrier trapping and enhanced electroluminescent efficiency of blue light emitting polymer with gold nanoparticles. / Park, Jong Hyeok; Choi, Yu Ri; Chin, Byung Doo.

In: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Vol. 9, No. 12, 01.12.2009, p. 7451-7455.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - We investigated the current injection, transport, and luminous efficiency behavior of organic light emitting diode (OLED) containing the 5-10 nm-sized gold particles mixed in the polyfluorene-type copolymer. This nanoparticle-conjugated polymer mixture layer was used as hole injection, transport, and light emitting layer for various structures of OLED based on the phosphorescent and fluorescent emitters. Due to the hole trapping at the nanopaticle, carrier injection is significantly reduced while the hole transport behavior is found to be barely affected. Hole trapping of nanoparticle in light emitting layer (at 4.7∼9.4x 10 -5 w/w fraction) resulted in an enhancement of efficiency (from 5.23 cd/A to 6.50 cd/A). The existence of the outcoupling effect also supports the carrier trapping behavior, which is amended mechanism of the improved efficiency compared to previously reported mechanism of enhanced photoluminescent stability by a hindrance of photo-oxidation.

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