Chemical and photometric evolution of extended ultraviolet disks: Optical spectroscopy of M83 (NGC 5236) and NGC 4625

Armando Gil De Paz, Barry F. Madore, Samuel Boissier, David Thilker, Luciana Bianchi, Carmen Sánchez Contreras, Tom A. Barlow, Tim Conrow, Karl Forster, Peter G. Friedman, D. Christopher Martin, Patrick Morrissey, Susan G. Neff, R. Michael Rich, David Schiminovich, Mark Seibert, Todd Small, José Donas, Timothy M. Heckman, Young Wook LeeBruno Milliard, Alex S. Szalay, Ted K. Wyder, Sukyoung Yi

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Abstract

We present the results from the analysis of optical spectra of 31 Hα-selected regions in the extended UV (XUV) disks of M83 (NGC 5236) and NGC 4625 recently discovered by GALEX. The spectra were obtained using IMACS at the Las Campanas Observatory 6.5 m Magellan I telescope and COSMIC at the Palomar 200 inch (5 m) telescope, respectively, for M83 and NGC 4625. The line ratios measured indicate nebular oxygen abundances (derived from the R23 parameter) of the order of Z⊙/5-Z⊙/10. For most emission-line regions analyzed the line fluxes and ratios measured are best reproduced by models of photoionization by single stars with masses in the range 20-40 M⊙ and oxygen abundances comparable to those derived from the R23 parameter. We find indications for a relatively high N/O abundance ratio in the XUV disk of M83. Although the metallicities derived imply that these are not the first stars formed in the XUV disks, such a level of enrichment could be reached in young spiral disks only 1 Gyr after these first stars would have formed. The amount of gas in the XUV disks allows maintaining the current level of star formation for at least a few Gyr.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-134
Number of pages20
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume661
Issue number1 I
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 20

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Gil De Paz, A., Madore, B. F., Boissier, S., Thilker, D., Bianchi, L., Contreras, C. S., Barlow, T. A., Conrow, T., Forster, K., Friedman, P. G., Martin, D. C., Morrissey, P., Neff, S. G., Rich, R. M., Schiminovich, D., Seibert, M., Small, T., Donas, J., Heckman, T. M., ... Yi, S. (2007). Chemical and photometric evolution of extended ultraviolet disks: Optical spectroscopy of M83 (NGC 5236) and NGC 4625. Astrophysical Journal, 661(1 I), 115-134. https://doi.org/10.1086/513730