Important cellular processes such as cell fate are likely to be controlled by an elaborate orchestration of multiple signaling pathways, many of which are still not well understood or known. Because protein kinases, the members of a large family of proteins involved in modulating many known signaling pathways, are likely to play important roles in balancing multiple signals to modulate cell fate, we focused our initial search for chemical reagents that regulate stem cell fate among known inhibitors of protein kinases. We have screened 41 characterized inhibitors of six major protein kinase subfamilies to alter the orchestration of multiple signaling pathways involved in differentiation of stem cells. We found that some of them cause recognizable changes in the differentiation rates of two types of stem cells, rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Among many, we describe the two most effective derivatives of the same scaffold compound, isoquinolinesulfonamide, on the stem cell differentiation: rat MSCs to chondrocytes and mouse ESCs to dopaminergic neurons.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|Publication status||Published - 2008 May 27|
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