Chemokine in inflamed periodontal tissues activates healthy periodontal-ligament stem cell migration

Jung Seok Lee, Jong Bin Lee, Jae Kook Cha, Eun Young Choi, So Yon Park, Kyoo Sung Cho, ChangSung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Aim: The present study aimed to characterize the expression pattern of chemokines obtained from inflamed periodontal defects and to determine the characteristics of human periodontal-ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) migrated by each specific chemokine. Materials and Methods: Both inflamed and healthy periodontal tissues were obtained from periodontitis patients (n = 11), and the chemokine expression levels were analyzed. The periodontal-tissue-specific chemokines were applied to healthy hPDLSCs from extracted teeth (n = 3), with FGF-2 acting as a positive control. Cells were separated by selected chemokines using transwell method into migrated/unmigrated hPDLSCs. The characteristics of the hPDLSC subpopulation recruited by each chemokine were assessed, and gene expression pattern was analyzed by microarray. Results: Chemokines were categorized into three groups by specific patterns of “appearing,” “increasing,” and “decreasing/disappearing” from healthy to inflamed tissues. A representative chemokine from each group enhanced the capacities for colony formation and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation while maintaining the surface markers of hPDLSCs. RANTES/CCL5 significantly increased the cellular migration of hPDLSCs, via enhancement of signaling pathways, regulation of the actin skeleton, and focal adhesion. Conclusion: The present study found a specific chemokine profile induced by inflammation in periodontal tissues, with RANTES/CCL5 appearing to play a role in the migration of hPDLSCs into inflammatory periodontal lesions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)530-539
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 May 1

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Periodontal Ligament
Chemokines
Cell Movement
Stem Cells
Chemokine CCL5
Focal Adhesions
Periodontitis
Fibroblast Growth Factor 2
Skeleton
Actins
Tooth
Inflammation
Gene Expression

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Periodontics

Cite this

Lee, Jung Seok ; Lee, Jong Bin ; Cha, Jae Kook ; Choi, Eun Young ; Park, So Yon ; Cho, Kyoo Sung ; Kim, ChangSung. / Chemokine in inflamed periodontal tissues activates healthy periodontal-ligament stem cell migration. In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 2017 ; Vol. 44, No. 5. pp. 530-539.
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abstract = "Aim: The present study aimed to characterize the expression pattern of chemokines obtained from inflamed periodontal defects and to determine the characteristics of human periodontal-ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) migrated by each specific chemokine. Materials and Methods: Both inflamed and healthy periodontal tissues were obtained from periodontitis patients (n = 11), and the chemokine expression levels were analyzed. The periodontal-tissue-specific chemokines were applied to healthy hPDLSCs from extracted teeth (n = 3), with FGF-2 acting as a positive control. Cells were separated by selected chemokines using transwell method into migrated/unmigrated hPDLSCs. The characteristics of the hPDLSC subpopulation recruited by each chemokine were assessed, and gene expression pattern was analyzed by microarray. Results: Chemokines were categorized into three groups by specific patterns of “appearing,” “increasing,” and “decreasing/disappearing” from healthy to inflamed tissues. A representative chemokine from each group enhanced the capacities for colony formation and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation while maintaining the surface markers of hPDLSCs. RANTES/CCL5 significantly increased the cellular migration of hPDLSCs, via enhancement of signaling pathways, regulation of the actin skeleton, and focal adhesion. Conclusion: The present study found a specific chemokine profile induced by inflammation in periodontal tissues, with RANTES/CCL5 appearing to play a role in the migration of hPDLSCs into inflammatory periodontal lesions.",
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Chemokine in inflamed periodontal tissues activates healthy periodontal-ligament stem cell migration. / Lee, Jung Seok; Lee, Jong Bin; Cha, Jae Kook; Choi, Eun Young; Park, So Yon; Cho, Kyoo Sung; Kim, ChangSung.

In: Journal of Clinical Periodontology, Vol. 44, No. 5, 01.05.2017, p. 530-539.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lee, Jung Seok

AU - Lee, Jong Bin

AU - Cha, Jae Kook

AU - Choi, Eun Young

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AU - Cho, Kyoo Sung

AU - Kim, ChangSung

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N2 - Aim: The present study aimed to characterize the expression pattern of chemokines obtained from inflamed periodontal defects and to determine the characteristics of human periodontal-ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) migrated by each specific chemokine. Materials and Methods: Both inflamed and healthy periodontal tissues were obtained from periodontitis patients (n = 11), and the chemokine expression levels were analyzed. The periodontal-tissue-specific chemokines were applied to healthy hPDLSCs from extracted teeth (n = 3), with FGF-2 acting as a positive control. Cells were separated by selected chemokines using transwell method into migrated/unmigrated hPDLSCs. The characteristics of the hPDLSC subpopulation recruited by each chemokine were assessed, and gene expression pattern was analyzed by microarray. Results: Chemokines were categorized into three groups by specific patterns of “appearing,” “increasing,” and “decreasing/disappearing” from healthy to inflamed tissues. A representative chemokine from each group enhanced the capacities for colony formation and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation while maintaining the surface markers of hPDLSCs. RANTES/CCL5 significantly increased the cellular migration of hPDLSCs, via enhancement of signaling pathways, regulation of the actin skeleton, and focal adhesion. Conclusion: The present study found a specific chemokine profile induced by inflammation in periodontal tissues, with RANTES/CCL5 appearing to play a role in the migration of hPDLSCs into inflammatory periodontal lesions.

AB - Aim: The present study aimed to characterize the expression pattern of chemokines obtained from inflamed periodontal defects and to determine the characteristics of human periodontal-ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) migrated by each specific chemokine. Materials and Methods: Both inflamed and healthy periodontal tissues were obtained from periodontitis patients (n = 11), and the chemokine expression levels were analyzed. The periodontal-tissue-specific chemokines were applied to healthy hPDLSCs from extracted teeth (n = 3), with FGF-2 acting as a positive control. Cells were separated by selected chemokines using transwell method into migrated/unmigrated hPDLSCs. The characteristics of the hPDLSC subpopulation recruited by each chemokine were assessed, and gene expression pattern was analyzed by microarray. Results: Chemokines were categorized into three groups by specific patterns of “appearing,” “increasing,” and “decreasing/disappearing” from healthy to inflamed tissues. A representative chemokine from each group enhanced the capacities for colony formation and osteogenic/adipogenic differentiation while maintaining the surface markers of hPDLSCs. RANTES/CCL5 significantly increased the cellular migration of hPDLSCs, via enhancement of signaling pathways, regulation of the actin skeleton, and focal adhesion. Conclusion: The present study found a specific chemokine profile induced by inflammation in periodontal tissues, with RANTES/CCL5 appearing to play a role in the migration of hPDLSCs into inflammatory periodontal lesions.

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