During bone development, remodeling, and repair, bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) induce the differentiation of mesenchymal progenitor cells (MPCs) that enter into the osteoblastic lineage, and enhance the recruitment of MFCs and osteogenic cells. The process of migration is believed to be regulated, in part, by growth factors stored within the bone matrix, which are released by bone resorption. In this study, primary human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) and MC3T3-E1 osteoblasts were examined for chemotaxis in response to recombinant human BMP-7 (rhBMP-7) produced in COS-7 cells (co-culture system). In order to produce BMP-7 transfected cells (BTCs), which serve as suppliers of rhBMP-7 under in vitro culture conditions, the encoding DNA was transferred into the pTARGET expression vector and introduced into COS-7 cells by conventional genetic engineering techniques. In cell culture studies, the rhBMP-7 produced in BTCs stimulated the specific activity of ALP, the production of cAMP in response to PTH, and the synthesis of osteocalcin. Migration assays were conducted with a computer-aided time-lapse video-microscopy system, to allow the rapid and precise analysis of cell migration and for the dynamic measurement of cell position and morphology. The migration distance and speed of the MC3T3-E1 cells, or hMSCs, co-cultured with BTCs, using a band-type seeding method, were significantly increased (p < 0.001), compared to those of the MC3T3-E1 cells (or hMSCs) only. In conclusion, these studies revealed that rhBMP-7 plays a role in the migration of bone-forming cells, and that the co-culture model (co-culture of bone-forming cells with BMP-7-producing cells) using a computer-aided, time-lapse video-microscopy system, is useful for the chemotactic migration assay of other chemotactic growth factors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cell Biology