Child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong

Incidence rate and seasonal pattern

Patrick Ip, Frederick Ka Wing Ho, Edward Ko Ling Chan, Paul Siu Fai Yip, Joseph Tak Fai Lau, Wilfred Hing Sang Wong, Chun Bong Chow, Fan Jiang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective We investigated the incidence and seasonal patterns of child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong. Design A retrospective study of subjects aged under 19years with a primary diagnosis of child maltreatment admitted to hospitals in Hong Kong from 2001 to 2010. Data were retrieved from the centralised database of all 42 public hospitals in the Hospital Authority. Main outcome measures Child maltreatment incidence rate. Results A consistent seasonal pattern was found for non-sexual maltreatment in children aged 6-18years (p<0.001). Hospitalisations peaked in May and October but dipped in August and January. No significant seasonal patterns were found for sexual maltreatment or among children under 6years. The seasonal pattern of child maltreatment coincided with the two school examination periods. The annual child maltreatment hospitalisation rate in Hong Kong in 2010 was 73.4 per 100000 children under 19years, more than double that in 2001. Conclusions A peculiar seasonal pattern and an alarming increasing trend in child maltreatment hospitalisation were observed in Hong Kong, which we speculated to be related to school examination stress and increasing socioeconomic disparity. Our findings highlighted differences in the trends of child maltreatment between Hong Kong and the West. Professionals and policymakers should be made aware of these trends and develop effective strategies to tackle child maltreatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1107-1113
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume101
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Dec 1

Fingerprint

Child Abuse
Hong Kong
Hospitalization
Incidence
Public Hospitals
Retrospective Studies
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Databases

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Ip, P., Ho, F. K. W., Chan, E. K. L., Yip, P. S. F., Lau, J. T. F., Wong, W. H. S., ... Jiang, F. (2016). Child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong: Incidence rate and seasonal pattern. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101(12), 1107-1113. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2015-310151
Ip, Patrick ; Ho, Frederick Ka Wing ; Chan, Edward Ko Ling ; Yip, Paul Siu Fai ; Lau, Joseph Tak Fai ; Wong, Wilfred Hing Sang ; Chow, Chun Bong ; Jiang, Fan. / Child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong : Incidence rate and seasonal pattern. In: Archives of Disease in Childhood. 2016 ; Vol. 101, No. 12. pp. 1107-1113.
@article{7a761dbe7f124d258546644191513180,
title = "Child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong: Incidence rate and seasonal pattern",
abstract = "Objective We investigated the incidence and seasonal patterns of child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong. Design A retrospective study of subjects aged under 19years with a primary diagnosis of child maltreatment admitted to hospitals in Hong Kong from 2001 to 2010. Data were retrieved from the centralised database of all 42 public hospitals in the Hospital Authority. Main outcome measures Child maltreatment incidence rate. Results A consistent seasonal pattern was found for non-sexual maltreatment in children aged 6-18years (p<0.001). Hospitalisations peaked in May and October but dipped in August and January. No significant seasonal patterns were found for sexual maltreatment or among children under 6years. The seasonal pattern of child maltreatment coincided with the two school examination periods. The annual child maltreatment hospitalisation rate in Hong Kong in 2010 was 73.4 per 100000 children under 19years, more than double that in 2001. Conclusions A peculiar seasonal pattern and an alarming increasing trend in child maltreatment hospitalisation were observed in Hong Kong, which we speculated to be related to school examination stress and increasing socioeconomic disparity. Our findings highlighted differences in the trends of child maltreatment between Hong Kong and the West. Professionals and policymakers should be made aware of these trends and develop effective strategies to tackle child maltreatment.",
author = "Patrick Ip and Ho, {Frederick Ka Wing} and Chan, {Edward Ko Ling} and Yip, {Paul Siu Fai} and Lau, {Joseph Tak Fai} and Wong, {Wilfred Hing Sang} and Chow, {Chun Bong} and Fan Jiang",
year = "2016",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1136/archdischild-2015-310151",
language = "English",
volume = "101",
pages = "1107--1113",
journal = "Archives of Disease in Childhood",
issn = "0003-9888",
publisher = "BMJ Publishing Group",
number = "12",

}

Ip, P, Ho, FKW, Chan, EKL, Yip, PSF, Lau, JTF, Wong, WHS, Chow, CB & Jiang, F 2016, 'Child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong: Incidence rate and seasonal pattern', Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 101, no. 12, pp. 1107-1113. https://doi.org/10.1136/archdischild-2015-310151

Child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong : Incidence rate and seasonal pattern. / Ip, Patrick; Ho, Frederick Ka Wing; Chan, Edward Ko Ling; Yip, Paul Siu Fai; Lau, Joseph Tak Fai; Wong, Wilfred Hing Sang; Chow, Chun Bong; Jiang, Fan.

In: Archives of Disease in Childhood, Vol. 101, No. 12, 01.12.2016, p. 1107-1113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong

T2 - Incidence rate and seasonal pattern

AU - Ip, Patrick

AU - Ho, Frederick Ka Wing

AU - Chan, Edward Ko Ling

AU - Yip, Paul Siu Fai

AU - Lau, Joseph Tak Fai

AU - Wong, Wilfred Hing Sang

AU - Chow, Chun Bong

AU - Jiang, Fan

PY - 2016/12/1

Y1 - 2016/12/1

N2 - Objective We investigated the incidence and seasonal patterns of child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong. Design A retrospective study of subjects aged under 19years with a primary diagnosis of child maltreatment admitted to hospitals in Hong Kong from 2001 to 2010. Data were retrieved from the centralised database of all 42 public hospitals in the Hospital Authority. Main outcome measures Child maltreatment incidence rate. Results A consistent seasonal pattern was found for non-sexual maltreatment in children aged 6-18years (p<0.001). Hospitalisations peaked in May and October but dipped in August and January. No significant seasonal patterns were found for sexual maltreatment or among children under 6years. The seasonal pattern of child maltreatment coincided with the two school examination periods. The annual child maltreatment hospitalisation rate in Hong Kong in 2010 was 73.4 per 100000 children under 19years, more than double that in 2001. Conclusions A peculiar seasonal pattern and an alarming increasing trend in child maltreatment hospitalisation were observed in Hong Kong, which we speculated to be related to school examination stress and increasing socioeconomic disparity. Our findings highlighted differences in the trends of child maltreatment between Hong Kong and the West. Professionals and policymakers should be made aware of these trends and develop effective strategies to tackle child maltreatment.

AB - Objective We investigated the incidence and seasonal patterns of child maltreatment hospitalisations in Hong Kong. Design A retrospective study of subjects aged under 19years with a primary diagnosis of child maltreatment admitted to hospitals in Hong Kong from 2001 to 2010. Data were retrieved from the centralised database of all 42 public hospitals in the Hospital Authority. Main outcome measures Child maltreatment incidence rate. Results A consistent seasonal pattern was found for non-sexual maltreatment in children aged 6-18years (p<0.001). Hospitalisations peaked in May and October but dipped in August and January. No significant seasonal patterns were found for sexual maltreatment or among children under 6years. The seasonal pattern of child maltreatment coincided with the two school examination periods. The annual child maltreatment hospitalisation rate in Hong Kong in 2010 was 73.4 per 100000 children under 19years, more than double that in 2001. Conclusions A peculiar seasonal pattern and an alarming increasing trend in child maltreatment hospitalisation were observed in Hong Kong, which we speculated to be related to school examination stress and increasing socioeconomic disparity. Our findings highlighted differences in the trends of child maltreatment between Hong Kong and the West. Professionals and policymakers should be made aware of these trends and develop effective strategies to tackle child maltreatment.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84978818611&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84978818611&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1136/archdischild-2015-310151

DO - 10.1136/archdischild-2015-310151

M3 - Article

VL - 101

SP - 1107

EP - 1113

JO - Archives of Disease in Childhood

JF - Archives of Disease in Childhood

SN - 0003-9888

IS - 12

ER -