Children encounter a variety of experiences through play, which can improve their ability to form ideas and undergo multi-faceted development. Using Augmented Reality (AR) technology to integrate various digital learning elements with real environments can lead to increased learning ability. This study proposes a 360° rotatable and portable system specialized for education and development through projection-based AR play. This system allows existing projection-based AR technology, which once could only be experienced at large-scale exhibitions and experience centers, to be used in individual and small-scale spaces. It also promotes the development of multi-sensory abilities through a multi-modality which provides various intuitive and sensory interactions. By experiencing the various educational play applications provided by the proposed system, children can increase their physical, perceptive, and emotional abilities and thinking skills.