CHIP promotes human telomerase reverse transcriptase degradation and negatively regulates telomerase activity

Ji Hoon Lee, Prabhat Khadka, Seung Han Baek, In Kwon Chung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The maintenance of eukaryotic telomeres requires telomerase, which is minimally composed of a telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and an associated RNA component. Telomerase activity is tightly regulated by expression of human (h) TERT at both the transcriptional and post-translational levels. The Hsp90 and p23 molecular chaperones have been shown to associate with hTERT for the assembly of active telomerase. Here, we show that CHIP (C terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein) physically associates with hTERT in the cytoplasm and regulates the cellular abundance of hTERT through a ubiquitin-mediated degradation. Overexpression of CHIP prevents nuclear translocation of hTERT and promotes hTERT degradation in the cytoplasm, thereby inhibiting telomerase activity. In contrast, knockdown of endogenous CHIP results in the stabilization of cytoplasmic hTERT. However, it does not affect the level of nuclear hTERT and has no effect on telomerase activity and telomere length. We further show that the binding of CHIP and Hsp70 to hTERT inhibits nuclear translocation of hTERT by dissociating p23. However, Hsp90 binding to hTERT was not affected by CHIP overexpression. These results suggest that CHIP can remodel the hTERTchaperone complexes. Finally, the amount of hTERT associated with CHIP peaks in G 2 /M phases but decreases during S phase, suggesting a cell cycle-dependent regulation of hTERT. Our data suggest that CHIP represents a new pathway for modulating telomerase activity in cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42033-42045
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume285
Issue number53
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Dec 31

Fingerprint

HSC70 Heat-Shock Proteins
Telomerase
Degradation
Proteins
Telomere
Cytoplasm
Molecular Chaperones
human TERT protein
Ubiquitin
S Phase
Cell Division
Cell Cycle
Stabilization
Cells
Maintenance
RNA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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title = "CHIP promotes human telomerase reverse transcriptase degradation and negatively regulates telomerase activity",
abstract = "The maintenance of eukaryotic telomeres requires telomerase, which is minimally composed of a telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) and an associated RNA component. Telomerase activity is tightly regulated by expression of human (h) TERT at both the transcriptional and post-translational levels. The Hsp90 and p23 molecular chaperones have been shown to associate with hTERT for the assembly of active telomerase. Here, we show that CHIP (C terminus of Hsc70-interacting protein) physically associates with hTERT in the cytoplasm and regulates the cellular abundance of hTERT through a ubiquitin-mediated degradation. Overexpression of CHIP prevents nuclear translocation of hTERT and promotes hTERT degradation in the cytoplasm, thereby inhibiting telomerase activity. In contrast, knockdown of endogenous CHIP results in the stabilization of cytoplasmic hTERT. However, it does not affect the level of nuclear hTERT and has no effect on telomerase activity and telomere length. We further show that the binding of CHIP and Hsp70 to hTERT inhibits nuclear translocation of hTERT by dissociating p23. However, Hsp90 binding to hTERT was not affected by CHIP overexpression. These results suggest that CHIP can remodel the hTERTchaperone complexes. Finally, the amount of hTERT associated with CHIP peaks in G 2 /M phases but decreases during S phase, suggesting a cell cycle-dependent regulation of hTERT. Our data suggest that CHIP represents a new pathway for modulating telomerase activity in cancer.",
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CHIP promotes human telomerase reverse transcriptase degradation and negatively regulates telomerase activity. / Lee, Ji Hoon; Khadka, Prabhat; Baek, Seung Han; Chung, In Kwon.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 285, No. 53, 31.12.2010, p. 42033-42045.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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