Cholesterol Biosynthesis from Lanosterol

Differential Inhibition of Sterol Δ8-Isomerase and Other Lanosterol-Converting Enzymes by Tamoxifen

Sang Yun Cho, Jai Hyun Kim, Young Ki Paik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The fact that administration of tamoxifen (Tam) to humans and laboratory animals (e.g., rats and monkeys) results in both a drastic reduction in cholesterol and a marked accumulation of certain sterol intermediates in their serum led us to undertake more direct biochemical studies on the mechanism of Tam's inhibitory action on the cholesterogenic enzymes. Of the five rat hepatic lanosterol-converting enzymes examined, the enzyme most sensitive to inhibition by Tam was sterol Δ8-isomerase (Δ8-SI) (a 208-fold inhibition relative to lanosterol 14α-methyl demethylase), followed by sterol Δ24-reductase (13-fold) and sterol Δ14-reductase (5.2-fold). The inhibition patterns of all four affected enzymes were found to be noncompetitive, despite widely different inhibition constants (Ki) of 0.21 to 23.5 μM. The inhibitory activity of Tam on Δ8-SI was not affected by detergent-mediated solubilization of the microsomes. In Chinese hamster ovary cells, inhibition of Δ8-SI activity (IC50 = 0.15 μM) was paralleled by a decreased rate of [14C]-mevalonate incorporation into cholesterol (IC50 = 0.70 μM). Our results should provide more insight into an underlying mechanism of Tam's cardioprotective role by interfering the operation of the pathway of cholesterol biosynthesis from lanosterol in mammals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-239
Number of pages7
JournalMolecules and Cells
Volume8
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Apr 30

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Lanosterol
Tamoxifen
Cholesterol
Sterols
Enzymes
Inhibitory Concentration 50
Oxidoreductases
Mevalonic Acid
Laboratory Animals
Microsomes
Cricetulus
Detergents
Haplorhini
Mammals
Ovary
delta(8)-delta(7)-sterol isomerase
Liver
Serum

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cell Biology
  • Genetics
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

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title = "Cholesterol Biosynthesis from Lanosterol: Differential Inhibition of Sterol Δ8-Isomerase and Other Lanosterol-Converting Enzymes by Tamoxifen",
abstract = "The fact that administration of tamoxifen (Tam) to humans and laboratory animals (e.g., rats and monkeys) results in both a drastic reduction in cholesterol and a marked accumulation of certain sterol intermediates in their serum led us to undertake more direct biochemical studies on the mechanism of Tam's inhibitory action on the cholesterogenic enzymes. Of the five rat hepatic lanosterol-converting enzymes examined, the enzyme most sensitive to inhibition by Tam was sterol Δ8-isomerase (Δ8-SI) (a 208-fold inhibition relative to lanosterol 14α-methyl demethylase), followed by sterol Δ24-reductase (13-fold) and sterol Δ14-reductase (5.2-fold). The inhibition patterns of all four affected enzymes were found to be noncompetitive, despite widely different inhibition constants (Ki) of 0.21 to 23.5 μM. The inhibitory activity of Tam on Δ8-SI was not affected by detergent-mediated solubilization of the microsomes. In Chinese hamster ovary cells, inhibition of Δ8-SI activity (IC50 = 0.15 μM) was paralleled by a decreased rate of [14C]-mevalonate incorporation into cholesterol (IC50 = 0.70 μM). Our results should provide more insight into an underlying mechanism of Tam's cardioprotective role by interfering the operation of the pathway of cholesterol biosynthesis from lanosterol in mammals.",
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Cholesterol Biosynthesis from Lanosterol : Differential Inhibition of Sterol Δ8-Isomerase and Other Lanosterol-Converting Enzymes by Tamoxifen. / Cho, Sang Yun; Kim, Jai Hyun; Paik, Young Ki.

In: Molecules and Cells, Vol. 8, No. 2, 30.04.1998, p. 233-239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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