BACKGROUND: The mechanism through which high-density lipoprotein (HDL) induces cardioprotection is not completely under-stood. We evaluated the correlation between cholesterol efflux capacity (CEC), a functional parameter of HDL, and coronary collateral circulation (CCC). We additionally investigated whether A1BP (apoA1-binding protein) concentration correlates with CEC and CCC. METHODS AND RESULTS: In this case-control study, clinical and angiographic data were collected from 226 patients (mean age, 58 years; male, 72%) with chronic total coronary occlusion. CEC was assessed using a radioisotope and J774 cells, and human A1BP concentration was measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Differences between the good and poor CCC groups were compared, and associations between CEC, A1BP, and other variables were evaluated. Predictors of CCC were identified by multivariable logistic regression analysis. The CEC was higher in the good than in the poor CCC group (22.0±4.6% versus 20.2±4.7%; P=0.009). In multivariable analyses including age, sex, HDL-cholesterol levels, age (odds ratio [OR], 0.96; P=0.003), and CEC (OR, 1.10; P=0.004) were identified as the independent predictors of good CCC. These rela-tionships remained significant after additional adjustment for diabetes mellitus, acute coronary syndrome, and Gensini score. The A1BP levels were not significantly correlated with CCC (300 pg/mL and 283 pg/mL in the good CCC and poor CCC groups, respectively, P=0.25) or CEC. CONCLUSIONS: The relationship between higher CEC and good CCC indicates that well-functioning HDL may contribute to CCC and may be cardioprotective; this suggests that a specific function of HDL can have biological and clinical consequences.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea grant funded by the Korean government (grant No. 2019R1F1A1057952).
© 2021 The Authors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine