CHRK1, a chitinase-related receptor-like kinase, plays a role in plant development and cytokinin homeostasis in tobacco

Jeong Hee Lee, Kentaro Takei, Hitoshi Sakakibara, Hye Sun Cho, Do Myung Kim, Youn Sung Kim, Sung Ran Min, Woo Taek Kim, Dae Young Sohn, Yong Pyo Lim, Hyun Sook Pai

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29 Citations (Scopus)


CHRK1 encodes a receptor-like kinase that contains a chitinase-related sequence in the extracellular domain in Nicotiana tabacum. In this study, we showed that CHRK1 is mainly expressed in the shoot apex region including leaf primordia and young leaves, and germinating seedlings and vascular tissues, based on GUS activity of transgenic tobacco plants carrying the CHRK1 promoter-GUS fusion gene. Transgenic tobacco plants in which CHRK1 expression was suppressed exhibited pleiotrophic developmental abnormality, including formation of proliferating shooty calli from emerging seedlings and severely altered seedling development. At the cellular level, ectopic cell proliferation, reduced cell specificity, and aberrant chloroplast development were observed. The transgenic lines contained 3-fold higher level of cytokinin than the wild-type plants. Consistently, the transgenic seedlings exhibited a typical cytokinin response in the absence of hormone, such as deetiolation under the dark. Based on these results, we propose that CHRK1 is involved in a developmental signaling pathway regulating cell proliferation/differentiation and the endogenous cytokinin levels in tobacco.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)877-890
Number of pages14
JournalPlant Molecular Biology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
We wish to thank Dr Suk Yoon Kwon (KRIBB) for providing the Ti-plasmid vector pMBP1, Dr Georg Felix (Friedrich Miescher-Institute) for helpful discussions on CHRK1, and Seung Cheol Oh (KRIBB) for photography. This research was supported by grants from Plant Diversity Research Center of 21st Century Frontier Research Program funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Korean government.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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