Purpose: To establish and assess an ocular hypertensive rat model using intracameral injection with various microbeads of different sizes and materials. Methods: Chronic elevation of intraocular pressure (IOP) was induced by the injection of various microbeads into the anterior chamber of Sprague-Dawley rat eyes. We compared the IOPs induced by the injection of different microbeads [7- and 17-m polyurethane (PU), 7- and 15-m polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA), 13-m silica, and 15-m polystyrene (PS)] and selected the appropriate microbeads for a chronic ocular hypertensive model in terms of IOP elevation and adverse events. IOP changes were observed for 4 weeks after microbead injections. Axonal degeneration was assessed with transmission electron microscopic photographs and RGC loss was assessed with retrograde labeling. Results: Seventy-eight rats were included. Three days after a single injection of microbeads, IOPs were increased by 24.0% by 7-m PU microbeads, 101.8% by 17-m PU microbeads, 56.6% by 7-m PMMA microbeads, 22.0% by 15-m PMMA microbeads, 153.0% by 13-m silica microbeads, and 34.7% by 15-m PS microbeads. 17-m PU microbeads produced constant IOP elevation with good reproducibility (standard deviation of <6.5mmHg). Silica injected eyes showed severe inflammation. Sustained IOP elevation by two injections of 17-m PU microbeads resulted in a 42% axon loss and 36.5% RGC loss (p<0.05, Mann-Whitney U test). Conclusions: PU microbead injections offer an applicable and versatile model for a chronic ocular hypertensive model in rats. Among several biomaterials, PU microbeads produced a more stable IOP elevation without adverse events.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience