Chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins of the lower extremities

Young Jin Youn, Juyong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

60 Citations (Scopus)


Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) of the lower extremities manifests itself in various clinical spectrums, ranging from asymptomatic but cosmetic problems to severe symptoms, such as venous ulcer. CVI is a relatively common medical problem but is often overlooked by healthcare providers because of an underap-preciation of the magnitude and impact of the problem, as well as incomplete recognition of the various presenting manifestations of primary and secondary venous disorders. The prevalence of CVI in South Korea is expected to increase, given the possible underdiagnoses of CVI, the increase in obesity and an aging population. This article reviews the pathophysiology of CVI of the lower extremities and highlights the role of duplex ultrasound in its diagnosis and radiofrequency ablation, and iliac vein stenting in its management.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)269-283
Number of pages15
JournalKorean Journal of Internal Medicine
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Korean Association of Internal Medicine.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine


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