Chronological Change of Right Ventricle by Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia in Mice

Hyung Ju Cho, Woon Heo, Jung Woo Han, Yong Hyuk Lee, Jin Myung Park, Min Jung Kang, Joo Heon Yoon, Min Goo Lee, Chang Hoon Kim, Joo Young Kim

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3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Study Objective: No studies have investigated sequential changes in the heart on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), along with observation of functional lung phenotypes and genetics, over the duration of chronic intermittent hypoxia (CIH). We investigated chronological changes in heart and lung phenotypes after CIH using a mouse model to provide new insights into the pathophysiology of sleep apnea-induced cardiovascular disease.

Methods: C57BL/6J adult male mice were randomized to 4 or 8 weeks of CIH. Cardiac cine-MRI images were analyzed to assess functional parameters of right ventricle (RV). Histopathological features of myocytes and pulmonary vessels, as well as genes involved in the endothelin (ET) system, were investigated.

Results: Function of the RV reduced significantly at 4 weeks and continuously decreased following another 4 weeks of CIH, although the rate of decrease was attenuated. Notably, persistence of reduced ejection fraction and end-systole RV wall thickness (WT) and increases in the ET system of the lungs and blood strongly implied the development of pulmonary hypertension after 8 weeks of CIH.

Conclusions: RV dysfunction with reduced end-systole RV WT could be a late phenotype in long-standing CIH and possibly also in obstructive sleep apnea.

Original languageEnglish
JournalSleep
Volume40
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Aug 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)

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    Cho, H. J., Heo, W., Han, J. W., Lee, Y. H., Park, J. M., Kang, M. J., Yoon, J. H., Lee, M. G., Kim, C. H., & Kim, J. Y. (2017). Chronological Change of Right Ventricle by Chronic Intermittent Hypoxia in Mice. Sleep, 40(8). https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/zsx103