Chronologically different impacts of immunologic and non-immunologic risk factors on renal allograft function

Myoung Soo Kim, Dong Kee Kim, Sung Min Myoung, Soon Il Kim, Chang Kwon Oh, Yu Seun Kim, Jong Hoon Lee, Shin Wook Kang, Kill Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Introduction: Upon analysis of the risk factors affecting renal graft survival and function, the time-dependent effects of each risk factor should be differentiated from their net effects. To evaluate the chronologically different impacts of risk factors on graft renal function, we reviewed 390 recipients who received a kidney from 1-haplotype-matched living-related donors. Materials and methods: Until 5-yr post-transplantation (TX), yearly serum creatinine (Scr), 24-h urinary excretion of protein, and their yearly changes were compared by the episodes of acute rejection within 1 yr, the kidney weight to recipient body weight (KW/BW) ratio, the donor/recipient (D/R) age ratio, and the D/R gender pairing. The Kaplan-Meier method, Cox proportional hazard model, ANOVA, and repeated measures ANOVA were each applied for different purposes. Results: Only the episodes of acute rejection were a significant risk factor affecting graft survival. The episodes of acute rejection, KW/BW ratio, D/R age ratio, and D/R gender pairing consistently and independently had significant influences on Scr. Recipients having the lowest KW/BW ratio (first quartile) or the highest D/R age ratio (fourth quartile) had rapid increments of Scr after 4-yr post-TX. After 3-yr post-TX, there were significant correlations between the number of non-immunologic risk factors present and the yearly changes in Scr. Conclusions: Non-immunologic factors had a detrimental effect on renal graft function, especially after 3-yr post-TX. If immunologic risks seem to be similar, size matching, age, and gender pairing should be considered for better long-term graft function in renal TX recipients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)742-750
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Transplantation
Volume19
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005 Dec 1

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Allografts
Kidney
Tissue Donors
Creatinine
Body Weight
Graft Survival
Serum
Transplants
Weights and Measures
Analysis of Variance
Living Donors
Proportional Hazards Models
Haplotypes
Transplantation
Proteins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Transplantation

Cite this

Kim, Myoung Soo ; Kim, Dong Kee ; Myoung, Sung Min ; Kim, Soon Il ; Oh, Chang Kwon ; Kim, Yu Seun ; Lee, Jong Hoon ; Kang, Shin Wook ; Park, Kill. / Chronologically different impacts of immunologic and non-immunologic risk factors on renal allograft function. In: Clinical Transplantation. 2005 ; Vol. 19, No. 6. pp. 742-750.
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abstract = "Introduction: Upon analysis of the risk factors affecting renal graft survival and function, the time-dependent effects of each risk factor should be differentiated from their net effects. To evaluate the chronologically different impacts of risk factors on graft renal function, we reviewed 390 recipients who received a kidney from 1-haplotype-matched living-related donors. Materials and methods: Until 5-yr post-transplantation (TX), yearly serum creatinine (Scr), 24-h urinary excretion of protein, and their yearly changes were compared by the episodes of acute rejection within 1 yr, the kidney weight to recipient body weight (KW/BW) ratio, the donor/recipient (D/R) age ratio, and the D/R gender pairing. The Kaplan-Meier method, Cox proportional hazard model, ANOVA, and repeated measures ANOVA were each applied for different purposes. Results: Only the episodes of acute rejection were a significant risk factor affecting graft survival. The episodes of acute rejection, KW/BW ratio, D/R age ratio, and D/R gender pairing consistently and independently had significant influences on Scr. Recipients having the lowest KW/BW ratio (first quartile) or the highest D/R age ratio (fourth quartile) had rapid increments of Scr after 4-yr post-TX. After 3-yr post-TX, there were significant correlations between the number of non-immunologic risk factors present and the yearly changes in Scr. Conclusions: Non-immunologic factors had a detrimental effect on renal graft function, especially after 3-yr post-TX. If immunologic risks seem to be similar, size matching, age, and gender pairing should be considered for better long-term graft function in renal TX recipients.",
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Chronologically different impacts of immunologic and non-immunologic risk factors on renal allograft function. / Kim, Myoung Soo; Kim, Dong Kee; Myoung, Sung Min; Kim, Soon Il; Oh, Chang Kwon; Kim, Yu Seun; Lee, Jong Hoon; Kang, Shin Wook; Park, Kill.

In: Clinical Transplantation, Vol. 19, No. 6, 01.12.2005, p. 742-750.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Kim, Myoung Soo

AU - Kim, Dong Kee

AU - Myoung, Sung Min

AU - Kim, Soon Il

AU - Oh, Chang Kwon

AU - Kim, Yu Seun

AU - Lee, Jong Hoon

AU - Kang, Shin Wook

AU - Park, Kill

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N2 - Introduction: Upon analysis of the risk factors affecting renal graft survival and function, the time-dependent effects of each risk factor should be differentiated from their net effects. To evaluate the chronologically different impacts of risk factors on graft renal function, we reviewed 390 recipients who received a kidney from 1-haplotype-matched living-related donors. Materials and methods: Until 5-yr post-transplantation (TX), yearly serum creatinine (Scr), 24-h urinary excretion of protein, and their yearly changes were compared by the episodes of acute rejection within 1 yr, the kidney weight to recipient body weight (KW/BW) ratio, the donor/recipient (D/R) age ratio, and the D/R gender pairing. The Kaplan-Meier method, Cox proportional hazard model, ANOVA, and repeated measures ANOVA were each applied for different purposes. Results: Only the episodes of acute rejection were a significant risk factor affecting graft survival. The episodes of acute rejection, KW/BW ratio, D/R age ratio, and D/R gender pairing consistently and independently had significant influences on Scr. Recipients having the lowest KW/BW ratio (first quartile) or the highest D/R age ratio (fourth quartile) had rapid increments of Scr after 4-yr post-TX. After 3-yr post-TX, there were significant correlations between the number of non-immunologic risk factors present and the yearly changes in Scr. Conclusions: Non-immunologic factors had a detrimental effect on renal graft function, especially after 3-yr post-TX. If immunologic risks seem to be similar, size matching, age, and gender pairing should be considered for better long-term graft function in renal TX recipients.

AB - Introduction: Upon analysis of the risk factors affecting renal graft survival and function, the time-dependent effects of each risk factor should be differentiated from their net effects. To evaluate the chronologically different impacts of risk factors on graft renal function, we reviewed 390 recipients who received a kidney from 1-haplotype-matched living-related donors. Materials and methods: Until 5-yr post-transplantation (TX), yearly serum creatinine (Scr), 24-h urinary excretion of protein, and their yearly changes were compared by the episodes of acute rejection within 1 yr, the kidney weight to recipient body weight (KW/BW) ratio, the donor/recipient (D/R) age ratio, and the D/R gender pairing. The Kaplan-Meier method, Cox proportional hazard model, ANOVA, and repeated measures ANOVA were each applied for different purposes. Results: Only the episodes of acute rejection were a significant risk factor affecting graft survival. The episodes of acute rejection, KW/BW ratio, D/R age ratio, and D/R gender pairing consistently and independently had significant influences on Scr. Recipients having the lowest KW/BW ratio (first quartile) or the highest D/R age ratio (fourth quartile) had rapid increments of Scr after 4-yr post-TX. After 3-yr post-TX, there were significant correlations between the number of non-immunologic risk factors present and the yearly changes in Scr. Conclusions: Non-immunologic factors had a detrimental effect on renal graft function, especially after 3-yr post-TX. If immunologic risks seem to be similar, size matching, age, and gender pairing should be considered for better long-term graft function in renal TX recipients.

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