Ciliary smoothened-mediated noncanonical hedgehog signaling promotes tubulin acetylation

Hankyu Lee, Hyuk Wan Ko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Hedgehog (Hh) signaling plays key roles in animal development and tissue homeostasis. Binding of the secreted ligand to its Ptch1 receptor triggers Hh signaling through distinct canonical or noncanonical signaling pathways. Canonical Hh signaling leads to the activation of Gli transcription factors to induce Hh target-gene expression. In contrast, noncanonical Hh signaling regulates cytoskeleton rearrangement and apoptosis. Recently, it has been shown that primary cilia are important for canonical Hh signaling, but the ciliary role for signaling through the noncanonical pathway remains unresolved. Here, we examine the role of primary cilia in noncanonical Hh signaling in cultured mammalian cells. We found that Hh pathway activation in mouse embryonic fibroblast cells (MEFs) increases microtubule acetylation via smoothened (Smo), and suppression of Hh signaling by a Smo antagonist abrogates the microtubule acetylation. Using genetically engineered MEFs, we revealed that the increase in microtubule acetylation by Hh is dependent on Smo, but not on Sufu or Gli. In Kif3a−/− MEFs, which cannot form primary cilia, we observed that primary cilia were required for transducing noncanonical Hh signaling. Furthermore, we revealed that an increase in intracellular calcium is important for Hh-dependent tubulin acetylation at the downstream of Smo. Collectively, these findings suggest that Smo and primary cilia-dependent noncanonical Hh signaling leads to post-translational regulation of microtubules and may be important for modulating cell behaviors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)574-579
Number of pages6
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume480
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Nov 25

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Acetylation
Hedgehogs
Tubulin
Cilia
Microtubules
Tissue homeostasis
Chemical activation
Cells
Fibroblasts
Gene expression
Cytoskeleton
Animals
Transcription Factors
Cultured Cells

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Hedgehog (Hh) signaling plays key roles in animal development and tissue homeostasis. Binding of the secreted ligand to its Ptch1 receptor triggers Hh signaling through distinct canonical or noncanonical signaling pathways. Canonical Hh signaling leads to the activation of Gli transcription factors to induce Hh target-gene expression. In contrast, noncanonical Hh signaling regulates cytoskeleton rearrangement and apoptosis. Recently, it has been shown that primary cilia are important for canonical Hh signaling, but the ciliary role for signaling through the noncanonical pathway remains unresolved. Here, we examine the role of primary cilia in noncanonical Hh signaling in cultured mammalian cells. We found that Hh pathway activation in mouse embryonic fibroblast cells (MEFs) increases microtubule acetylation via smoothened (Smo), and suppression of Hh signaling by a Smo antagonist abrogates the microtubule acetylation. Using genetically engineered MEFs, we revealed that the increase in microtubule acetylation by Hh is dependent on Smo, but not on Sufu or Gli. In Kif3a−/− MEFs, which cannot form primary cilia, we observed that primary cilia were required for transducing noncanonical Hh signaling. Furthermore, we revealed that an increase in intracellular calcium is important for Hh-dependent tubulin acetylation at the downstream of Smo. Collectively, these findings suggest that Smo and primary cilia-dependent noncanonical Hh signaling leads to post-translational regulation of microtubules and may be important for modulating cell behaviors.",
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Ciliary smoothened-mediated noncanonical hedgehog signaling promotes tubulin acetylation. / Lee, Hankyu; Ko, Hyuk Wan.

In: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications, Vol. 480, No. 4, 25.11.2016, p. 574-579.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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