Rice, a monocot model crop, contains at least 48 putative E2 ubiquitin (Ub)-conjugating enzymes. Based on homology comparisons with 40 Arabidopsis E2 proteins and 35 human E2s, 48 rice E2s were classified into 15 different groups. Yeast two-hybrid analyses using the U-box-domain regions of armadillo (ARM)-U-box E3 Ub-ligases and the Ub-conjugating (UBC) domains of E2s showed that, among 40 rice E2s, 11 E2s accounted for 70% of the interactions with 17 ARM-U-box E3s. Thus, a single E2 could interact with multiple ARM-U-box E3s, suggesting the presence of E2 hubs for E2-E3 interactions in rice. Rice SPL11 ARM-U-box E3 displayed distinct self-ubiquitination patterns, including poly-ubiquitination, mono-ubiquitination, or no ubiquitination, depending on different E2 partners. This suggests that the mode of ubiquitination of SPL11 E3 is critically influenced by individual E2s.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2014 Feb 21|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology