Classification of segmental vitiligo on the face

Clues for prognosis

D. Y. Kim, SangHo Oh, S. K. Hann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The origin of the distribution of segmental vitiligo (SV) has not yet been clearly elucidated. Segmental configurations of cutaneous disorders have been explained using two main interpretations, i.e. following either dermatomal or blaschkolinear distributions. However, facial SV does not always correspond to either of these distributions. Objectives: We classified facial SV into several distinctive subtypes according to specific distributions based on long-term observations. Methods: In total, 257 patients with facial SV were included, all of whom were closely observed for more than 1 year. The distribution patterns of facial SV were classified according to morphological similarities based on clinical observations. Results: The lesions of facial SV were categorized into six subtypes: types I-a and I-b, and types II-V. Type I-a and type IV broadly involved the mid-level face from the forehead to the lower cheek, but type IV lesions selectively appeared on the right side of the face and did not cross the midline. Type I-b lesions chiefly involved the forehead and scalp hair. Types II and III involved the lower face and, frequently, the neck area, and type V lesions were distributed mostly around the right orbital area. The most frequent type of lesion in this study was type I-a (28·8%), followed by types II (16·0%), III (14·4%), IV (10·9%), I-b (10·5%) and V (8·6%). Conclusions: Newly established patterns of facial SV may be valuable for certain aspects of prognosis, such as the likely degree and path of lesion spreading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1004-1009
Number of pages6
JournalBritish Journal of Dermatology
Volume164
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 May 1

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Vitiligo
Forehead
Cheek
Prefrontal Cortex
Scalp
Hair
Neck
Skin

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

Cite this

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title = "Classification of segmental vitiligo on the face: Clues for prognosis",
abstract = "Background: The origin of the distribution of segmental vitiligo (SV) has not yet been clearly elucidated. Segmental configurations of cutaneous disorders have been explained using two main interpretations, i.e. following either dermatomal or blaschkolinear distributions. However, facial SV does not always correspond to either of these distributions. Objectives: We classified facial SV into several distinctive subtypes according to specific distributions based on long-term observations. Methods: In total, 257 patients with facial SV were included, all of whom were closely observed for more than 1 year. The distribution patterns of facial SV were classified according to morphological similarities based on clinical observations. Results: The lesions of facial SV were categorized into six subtypes: types I-a and I-b, and types II-V. Type I-a and type IV broadly involved the mid-level face from the forehead to the lower cheek, but type IV lesions selectively appeared on the right side of the face and did not cross the midline. Type I-b lesions chiefly involved the forehead and scalp hair. Types II and III involved the lower face and, frequently, the neck area, and type V lesions were distributed mostly around the right orbital area. The most frequent type of lesion in this study was type I-a (28·8{\%}), followed by types II (16·0{\%}), III (14·4{\%}), IV (10·9{\%}), I-b (10·5{\%}) and V (8·6{\%}). Conclusions: Newly established patterns of facial SV may be valuable for certain aspects of prognosis, such as the likely degree and path of lesion spreading.",
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Classification of segmental vitiligo on the face : Clues for prognosis. / Kim, D. Y.; Oh, SangHo; Hann, S. K.

In: British Journal of Dermatology, Vol. 164, No. 5, 01.05.2011, p. 1004-1009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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