Classification of unusual insertion of the pectoralis minor muscle

Kang Woo Lee, You Jin Choi, Hyung Jin Lee, Young Chun Gil, Hee Jin Kim, Tanvaa Tansatit, Kyung Seok Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The pectoralis minor muscle (PMi) generally originates from the third, fourth, and fifth ribs and inserts on the medial and superior margins of the anterior portion of the coracoid process. Variations in the shape and attachment point of the PMi could cause discomfort in the shoulders. The aim of this study was to observe the types of morphological insertion patterns and attachment sites of the PMi. Methods: Seventy-four sides of fresh, embalmed Korean (42 sides; mean age 78 years) and Thai (32 sides; mean age 78 years) cadavers were dissected to analyze the morphological insertion types and attachment sites of the PMi. Results: Unusual insertion patterns were evident in about 23% of the samples. When the portion of the PMi tendon ran over the coracoid process, the most common attachment site was the glenohumeral joint capsule. We also confirmed the attachment of the PMi to the clavicle. Costal attachments of the PMi that extend from the second rib to the fourth rib were observed frequently as well. Conclusions: Unusual insertion patterns of the PMi are common. Some authors consider that tendon attachment to the joint capsule can cause shoulder pain. In addition, the PMi tendon could be utilized in acromioclavicular joint reconstruction. Surgeons need to be aware of the possibility of a PMi variant being found during surgery even when this is not visible in magnetic resonance or ultrasound imaging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1357-1361
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical and Radiologic Anatomy
Volume40
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1

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Pectoralis Muscles
Ribs
Tendons
Joint Capsule
Acromioclavicular Joint
Clavicle
Shoulder Pain
Shoulder Joint
Cadaver
Ultrasonography
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anatomy
  • Surgery
  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Lee, Kang Woo ; Choi, You Jin ; Lee, Hyung Jin ; Gil, Young Chun ; Kim, Hee Jin ; Tansatit, Tanvaa ; Hu, Kyung Seok. / Classification of unusual insertion of the pectoralis minor muscle. In: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy. 2018 ; Vol. 40, No. 12. pp. 1357-1361.
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abstract = "Purpose: The pectoralis minor muscle (PMi) generally originates from the third, fourth, and fifth ribs and inserts on the medial and superior margins of the anterior portion of the coracoid process. Variations in the shape and attachment point of the PMi could cause discomfort in the shoulders. The aim of this study was to observe the types of morphological insertion patterns and attachment sites of the PMi. Methods: Seventy-four sides of fresh, embalmed Korean (42 sides; mean age 78 years) and Thai (32 sides; mean age 78 years) cadavers were dissected to analyze the morphological insertion types and attachment sites of the PMi. Results: Unusual insertion patterns were evident in about 23{\%} of the samples. When the portion of the PMi tendon ran over the coracoid process, the most common attachment site was the glenohumeral joint capsule. We also confirmed the attachment of the PMi to the clavicle. Costal attachments of the PMi that extend from the second rib to the fourth rib were observed frequently as well. Conclusions: Unusual insertion patterns of the PMi are common. Some authors consider that tendon attachment to the joint capsule can cause shoulder pain. In addition, the PMi tendon could be utilized in acromioclavicular joint reconstruction. Surgeons need to be aware of the possibility of a PMi variant being found during surgery even when this is not visible in magnetic resonance or ultrasound imaging.",
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Classification of unusual insertion of the pectoralis minor muscle. / Lee, Kang Woo; Choi, You Jin; Lee, Hyung Jin; Gil, Young Chun; Kim, Hee Jin; Tansatit, Tanvaa; Hu, Kyung Seok.

In: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy, Vol. 40, No. 12, 01.12.2018, p. 1357-1361.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Lee, Kang Woo

AU - Choi, You Jin

AU - Lee, Hyung Jin

AU - Gil, Young Chun

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AU - Tansatit, Tanvaa

AU - Hu, Kyung Seok

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