Aim: Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL) is a virulent cytotoxin and an indicator of community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infection. In this study, we evaluated the prevalence and clinical and molecular characteristics of PVL-positive invasive S. aureus (ISA) infections in Korea. Results: A collection of 1,962 nonduplicate clinical isolates were screened for multilocus sequence typing, staphylococcal cassette chromosome mec (SCCmec), accessory gene regulator typing, major toxins, and antimicrobial susceptibility. Twenty-eight (1.4%) PVL-positive S. aureus samples were found; of them 19 (67.9%) were MRSA (8 CA and 11 healthcare-associated infections). Seventeen patients (60.7%) were men (median age: 63 years; range: 13-93 years) and 12 patients (42.9%) had no underlying comorbidities. The most common infections were skin and skin structure infection (SSSI) and pneumonia. The 30-day mortality rate was 37.0%. The most common PVL-positive MRSA clones were ST8-SCCmec IVa and ST30-SCCmec IVc along with their single-locus variants. Antimicrobial susceptibility and toxin-gene profile differed according to the clone. Conclusions: ISA infections caused by PVL-positive strains are rare in Korea, with the two most common infections being SSSI and pneumonia. Our findings indicated that several PVL-positive MRSA clones, predominantly ST8-SCCmecIVa and ST30-SCCmecIVc, were circulating and causing sporadic cases of ISA infections in the community and hospital settings.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)