The long-term use of calcium hydroxide and the recent increase in the use of hydraulic calcium-silicate cements as direct pulp-capping materials provide important clues in terms of how reparative dentin may be induced to form a “biological seal” to protect the underlying pulp tissues. In this review article, we discuss clinical and molecular perspectives of reparative dentin formation based on evidence learned from the use of these pulp-capping materials. We also discuss the emerging role of calcium as an odontoinductive component in these pulp-capping materials.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was, in part, supported by grants from NIDCR / NIH R01DE023348 ( RHK ), UCLA Faculty Research grant (RHK), and Dean’s Faculty Research Seed grant (RHK).
© 2016 Elsevier Inc.
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