Clinical characteristics of constrictive pericarditis diagnosed by echo-Doppler technique in Korea

Hyun Suk Yang, Jae Kwan Song, Jong Min Song, Duk Hyun Kang, Cheol Whan Lee, Gi Byoung Nam, Kee Joon Choi, You Ho Kim, Myeong Ki Hong, Jae Joong Kim, Seong Wook Park, Seung Jung Park, Hyun Song, Jae Won Lee, Meong Gun Song

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Abstract

A retrospective analysis of clinical data of 71 patients with constrictive pericarditis (CP) diagnosed by echo-Doppler technique (mean age, 49±17) was done. In 27 patients (38%), the etiology was unknown, and the three most frequent identifiable causes were tuberculosis (23/71, 32%), cardiac surgery (8/71, 11%), and mediastinal irradiation (6/71, 9%). Pericardiectomy was performed in 35 patients (49%) with a surgical mortality of 6% (2/35), and 11 patients (15%, 11/ 71) showed complete resolution of constrictive physiology with medical treatment. Patients with transient CP were characterized by absence of pericardial calcification, shorter symptom duration, and higher incidence of fever, weight loss, and tuberculosis. The 5-yr survival rates of patients with transient CP and those undergoing pericardiectomy were 100% and 85±6%, respectively, which were significantly higher than that of patients without undergoing pericardiectomy (33±17%, p=0.0083). Mediastinal irradiation, higher functional class, low voltage in ECG, low serum albumin, and old age were the independent variables associated with a higher mortality. Tuberculosis is still the most important etiology of CP in Korea, and not infrequently, it may cause transient CP. Early diagnosis and decision-making using follow-up echocardiography are crucial to improve the prognosis of patients with CP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)558-566
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Korean medical science
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Oct

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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    Yang, H. S., Song, J. K., Song, J. M., Kang, D. H., Lee, C. W., Nam, G. B., Choi, K. J., Kim, Y. H., Hong, M. K., Kim, J. J., Park, S. W., Park, S. J., Song, H., Lee, J. W., & Song, M. G. (2001). Clinical characteristics of constrictive pericarditis diagnosed by echo-Doppler technique in Korea. Journal of Korean medical science, 16(5), 558-566. https://doi.org/10.3346/jkms.2001.16.5.558