Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the clinical feasibility of catheter-directed selective computed tomography angiography (S-CTA) in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: We prospectively enrolled 65 patients diagnosed with CAD who underwent conventional computed tomography angiography (C-CTA). C-CTA was performed with 60–90 mL of contrast medium (370 mg iodine/mL), whereas S-CTA was performed with 15 mL of contrast medium and 17.19 mg iodine/mL. Luminal enhancement range, homogeneity of luminal enhancement, image quality, plaque volume (PV), and percent aggregate plaque volume (%APV) were measured. Paired Student’s t test, Wilcoxon rank-sum test, and Pearson’s correlation coefficient were used to compare two methods. Results: Luminal enhancement was significantly higher on S-CTA than on C-CTA (324.4 ± 8.0 Hounsfield unit (HU) vs. 312.0 ± 8.0 HU, p < 0.0001 in the per-vessel analysis). Transluminal attenuation gradient showed a significantly slower reduction pattern on S-CTA than on C-CTA (-0.65 HU/10 mm vs. -0.89 HU/10 mm, p < 0.0001 in the per-vessel analysis). Image noise was significantly lower on S-CTA than on C-CTA (39.6 ± 10.0 HU vs. 43.9 ± 9.4 HU, p < 0.0001). There was excellent correlation between S-CTA and C-CTA with respect to PV and %APV (r = 0.99, r = 0.98, respectively). Conclusions: S-CTA might be useful in facilitating atherosclerotic plaque analysis and providing guidance for complex lesions such as chronic total occlusion, particularly in cases in which on-site procedure planning is required. Key Points: • Selective computed tomography angiography (S-CTA) can serve as an intraprocedural computed tomography angiography protocol. • S-CTA was performed with low dose of iodine compared with conventional computed tomography angiography. • S-CTA enables on-site atherosclerotic plaque analysis.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging